A geometric lathe
was used for making ornamental patterns on the plates used in printing bank notes and postage stamps. It is sometimes called a Guilloché
lathe. It developed early in the nineteenth century when efforts were introduced to combat forgery, and is an adaptation of an ornamental turning
lathe. The lathe was able to generate intersecting and interlacing patterns of fine lines in various shapes, which were almost impossible to forge by hand-engraving. They were used by many national Mints.
- Peter Bower, 'Economic warfare: Banknote Forgery as a deliberate weapon', and Maureen Greenland, 'Compound plate printing and nineteenth-century bank notes, in Virginia Hewitt, ed. The Banker's Art: Studies in paper money, pp 46-63, and pp 84-87, The British Museum Press, 1995, (ISBN 0-7141-0879-0)