Created in 2001, Gbarpolu is the youngest of Liberia's 15 counties. It is situated in the northwest of Liberia, occupies an area of approximately 1,263 square miles, and was estimated to have a population of 131,227 inhabitants before the Second Liberian Civil War. Gbarpolu county is bordered by Lofa County to the north, Bomi County to the south, Bong County to the west, and Grand Cape Mount County and Sierra Leone to the east.
The districts of Gbarpolu County include:
The majority of Gbarpolu consists of forest. Mining was the primary economic activity prior to the Liberian Civil War, in addition to subsistence farming. However, the war devastated all sectors of the county.