The Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (Marathi/Hindi: भारतीय प्रौद्योगिकी संस्थान, मुंबई), popularly known as IIT Bombay or IIT-B, is an autonomous university located in Powai, in north central Mumbai (formerly Bombay). It is the second-oldest campus of the Indian Institutes of Technology system and the largest National Institute in the state of Maharashtra.
The site chosen for the institute was Powai, eighteen miles (29 km) from the city of Bombay (Mumbai), with an area of which was given by the then Bombay State Government. While construction was being completed, the first academic session of the Institute opened on July 25 1958, in its temporary home at the Synthetic and Art Silk Mills Research Association (SASMIRA) building in Worli (Bombay) with 100 students. These students were selected from over 3,400 applicants for admission to the first year undergraduate programmes in Chemical, Civil, Electrical, Mechanical and Metallurgical Engineering. One of the main objectives of establishing the Institute was to develop facilities for studies in a variety of specialised engineering and technological sciences. The need for establishing adequate facilities for postgraduate studies and research was kept uppermost in mind in the founding years.
While the Institute was functioning provisionally at Worli, an effort was made to expedite the progress of the building project at its permanent location. When Jawaharlal Nehru laid the foundation stone of the Institute at Powai on March 10 1959, water and electric supply lines were just being laid and one approach road to the site was under construction.
Today, nearly fifty years later, IIT Bombay continues to contribute significantly to the advancement of science and technology in India in a number of ways. It has produced world class engineers and scientists, and alumni of IIT Bombay are achieving success in various capacities as entrepreneurs, managers, technocrats, consultants and advisers, and as faculty members and researchers, in India and abroad.
The campus is divided into clusters of buildings. The academic area chiefly comprises the Main Building, various Departmental annexures and auditoria. All department annexures are connected by a corridor named Infinite Corridor. Beyond the Convocation Hall lies the hostels (with the exception of Hostel 10, which is abutting the departmental annexure). The hostels are numbered from 1 through 13, with Hostel 10 (under-graduate and post-graduate) and Hostel 11 (post-graduate) specially reserved for women. Tansa House is a housing complex exclusively for the single male project staff. It is the smallest hostel in IIT Bombay with 128 rooms. The Tulsi House is meant for married research scholars. Apart from these, few students also reside in Type -1 quarters, Vihar House, QIP quarters and DRDO building which are situated in the campus.
Due to its proximity to the Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the campus is extremely clean, green and mostly untouched by the pollution of the rest of the city. The proximity of the campus to the national park has also led to occasional sightings of panthers and Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) crocodilians along the banks of Lake Powai. A popular weekly newspaper Planet Powai reports events and happenings of this campus regularly.
The institute has a swimming pool; football, hockey and cricket grounds; and tennis, basketball, squash and volleyball courts. It also has a Students' Activity Center (SAC) for various cultural and other extracurricular activities.
Cultural activities like dramatics also mark an important feature in the life of a student of IIT Bombay. Many students are very passionate about the annual inter-hostel Performing Arts Festival (PAF).
The annual science and technology festival Techfest is usually held in the month of January and is the largest of its kind in Asia.The most attractive feature of this 3 day event are the exhibitions,impressive display of technology developed from all parts of India and from all over world.
The annual cultural and arts festival Mood Indigo is held in the month of December and is the largest of its kind in Asia.This festival attracts a huge crowd from colleges all over the city of Mumbai and also from those in the other states of India.The most popular event are the PRONITES.These are organised on each successive night of this festival and are characterised by a performance from various popular Indian artists and occasionally from international artists.
Both these college festivals are organised,financially managed and conducted entirely by the students of this Institute.Both these festivals are sponsored by various companies and even some of the public banks.
These festivals receive huge sums of money from their sponsors This is one of the primary reasons for these festivals being able to afford the organisation of various big events.
For all academic matters, the Senate is the authority having control and responsibility for the maintenance of standards of instruction, education and examinations and all other allied academic matters. The Senate is mainly constituted of all the professors of the Institute and the Director is the Chairman.
The key people in the execution of the Institute's activities are the Director and Deputy Director who are assisted by Dean (Research and Development), Dean (Planning), Dean (Students Affairs), Dean (Academic Programmes) and Dean (Resources Development), and the Heads of the Departments, Centres and Schools. The Administration is managed by the Registrar, with senior administrative officers being assigned for specific areas such as Estate Management, Materials Management, Personnel Management, Finance and Accounts, and Academic Affairs.
The Head of the Academic Office is the Dean of Academic Programmes, who is a senior professor of the Institute. The Dean is helped by a permanent administrative set up headed by a Deputy Registrar (Academic). Academic Office closely interacts with the Dean of Student Affairs (DOSA), who looks after all non-academic problems of students. The DOSA, as the ex-officio President of the Student Gymkhana, coordinates various co-curricular activities of the students .
IIT Bombay Heritage Fund (IITBHF) and IIT Bombay Alumni Association (IITBAA) are the two official organizations for alumni of IIT Bombay. The alumni website at http://www.iitbombay.org was amongst the earliest alumni websites for an Indian university. The IIT Bombay Heritage Fund (IITBHF) is a public charitable organization under US Internal Revenue Code Section 501(c)(3), whose mission is to fund and promote education and research among students, faculty and alumni of the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay. The IIT Bombay Alumni Association (IITBAA), registered under Section 25 of the Indian Companies Act, 1956, works for strengthening the connections between alumni, enhance ties to their alma mater, and provide services to alumni.
As the official alumni association, IITBAA plays a key role in building the alumni network and supporting the local Chapters which are all over the world, from Bangalore to Boston to the Bay Area. IITBAA staff work with IITBHF volunteers in maintaining the alumni website and the Alumni Directory which allows 30,000-plus IIT Bombay alumni to stay in touch with each other and with their alma mater.
As the Alumni Fund of IIT Bombay, IITBHF has raised over $20 Million for IIT Bombay over the past decade, and helped fund major infrastructure projects and new schools on campus including the Kanwal Rekhi School of Information Technology (KReSIT), Shailesh J. Mehta School of Management (SJSOM) and key projects such as the renovation of the hostels (dormitories) on campus.
IIT Bombay has 14 departments, 10 multi-disciplinary centres, and 3 schools of excellence. The academic departments in IIT Bombay include the following:
The following multi-disciplinary centres are located in IIT Bombay:
The three schools of excellence in IIT Bombay are:
In addition to above, IIT Bombay also offers inter-disciplinary programs in six fields that include:
The programmes and courses offered at IIT Bombay have the flexibility to evolve and change, and to respond to new challenges. The Institute conducts educational programmes leading to the degree of Bachelor of Technology (B. Tech.),Dual Degree(B.tech. and M.Tech. in 5 years), Master of Science (MSc.), Master of Technology (MTech.), Master of Design (MDes.), Master of Management (MMgmt.), Master of Philosophy (MPhil.) and Doctor of Philosophy (PhD.) in the following areas:
|Bachelor of Technology (B. Tech.)||Aerospace Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Engineering Physics, Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science.|
|Master of Technology (M. Tech.)||Aerospace Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Computer Science and Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Earth Sciences (Geoexploration), Information Technology, Mechanical Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science. Biomedical Engineering, Corrosion Science and Engineering, Energy Systems Engineering, Environmental Science and Engineering, Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (IEOR), Reliability Engineering, Systems and Control Engineering, Nanoscience.|
|Master of Science (MSc)||Applied Statistics and Informatics (ASI), Biotechnology, Chemistry, Physics, Earth Sciences, Mathematics.|
|Master of Design (M Des)||Industrial Design, Visual Communication, Interaction Design, Animation|
|Master of Philosophy (MPhil)||Planning and Development|
|Master of Management (M Mgmt.)||General Management|
|PhD||All engineering disciplines, interdisciplinary areas, science disciplines and the humanities and social sciences.|
Every year, IIT Bombay awards degrees, B.Tech, M.Tech, Dual Degree (B.Tech and M.Tech), M.Mgmt and Ph.D to more than 1,000 students. The undergraduate students at IIT Bombay are selected through the Joint Entrance Examination of the IITs. At a given time, the campus is home to more than 6,000 people, comprising of students, professors and non academic staff.
Each year, students finishing at the top of their class are awarded Institute Silver Medals at the convocation Ceremony. Students finishing with the highest GPA in the entire institute are awarded President of India Gold Medals.
Consultancy has been a major avenue of interaction between faculty and industry. Consultancy work provides an opportunity to tackle live industrial problems and enhance professional expertise. There are collaborative and consultancy projects with many industries, some abroad. About 700 to 800 projects are executed every year.
The office of the Dean (R&D) provides the necessary liaison with industry and sponsoring agencies. The office helps industry to identify faculty expertise and institutional facilities, and assists faculty in identifying industry problems.
The Departments and Centres have well equipped research labs and workshop facilities. There are also a number of central facilities such as the Central Library, Central Workshop, and Printing Press. Many new research facilities have been acquired or developed in the last few years. One of the most important of them is the Computer Centre which started functioning in 1986 with facilities which have been continuously updated. The Computer Aided Design Centre with its own mini computers and work stations, supplemented by additional computing facilities, caters to CAD activity in Chemical Engineering and Metallurgical Engineering. Research groups like VLSI Design, CAD/CAM also have computing facilities which are accessible to other departments for development activities. Important experimental facilities set up by various departments include laboratories for robotics, biotechnology, microelectronics, microprocessor applications, telematics, remote sensing, low temperature physics and aerodynamics.
IIT faculty members have the distinction of being invited to serve on national and state level committees on science and technology, on editorial boards and as reviewers for leading professional journals and publications and on selection committees and review boards of leading institutions and governmental agencies. Faculty members, individually and as interdisciplinary teams, are also the backbone of the research programmes of the Institute. The faculty have also published a number of books and contributed chapters to books.
Researchers from University of Pretoria report details of new studies and findings in the area of systematic parasitology.
Nov 18, 2008; According to a study from Onderstepoort, South Africa, "Proctocaecum gairhei n. sp. is described from the gharial Gavialis...