Gauliga Schlesien

Gauliga Schlesien

Gauliga Schlesien
Gauligas Niederschlesien
Gauliga Oberschlesien
Founded
1933
Disbanded
1945
Nation
Nazi Germany
Provinces
Province of Lower Silesia
Province of Upper Silesia
Autonomous Silesian Voivodeship (from 1939)
Gau (from 1934)
Niederschlesien
Oberschlesien
Number of Seasons
12
Replaced by
region became part of Poland
Level on Pyramid
Level 1
Domestic Cup
Tschammerpokal
Last Champions 1943-44
Gauliga Niederschlesien STC Hirschberg
Gauliga Oberschlesien Germania Königshütte

The Gauliga Schlesien was the highest football league in the region of Silesia (German:Schlesien), which consisted of the Prussian provinces of Lower Silesia and Upper Silesia from 1933 to 1945. Shortly after the formation of the league, the Nazis reorganised the administrative regions in Germany, and the Gaue Niederschlesien and Oberschlesien replaced the Prussian provinces.

After the Polish defeat in 1939, the parts of Upper Silesia awarded to Poland after the First World War were reoccupied by Nazi Germany and added to the Gau Oberschlesien.

From 1941, the Gauliga Schlesien was split into two separate leagues, the Gauliga Niederschlesien and the Gauliga Oberschlesien.

Overview

Gauliga Schlesien

The league was introduced in 1933, after the Nazi takeover of power in Germany. It replaced the Oberliga as the highest level of play of the regional football competitions.

In its first season, the league had ten clubs, playing each other once at home and once away. The league champion then qualified for the German championship. The bottom two teams were relegated. The league modus and strength did not change until 1939.

Due to the outbreak of the 2nd World War in 1939, the league was split into two regional groups, one of five and one of seven clubs. The two group champions then played a home-and-away final for the Gauliga championship. For its last season, 1940-41, it returned to a single-division format, now with eleven clubs, some of them from the newly occupied regions formerly part of Poland. This last season was however not completed and with most teams having only one or two games to go, a winner was declared and the competition cancelled.

After this, the league was split into two separate competitions.

Gauliga Niederschlesien

The league started with nine clubs in one single division, all from the region of the former Prussian province. It was increased to ten clubs for its second season, 1942-43.

The last completed season, 1943-44, the league was subdivided in three regions with all-up five divisions. the three regional champions then played out the Gauliga champion. All together, a record 33 clubs took part in this season.

The arrival of the war in the region made football impossible and, most likely, the last season, 1944-45, did not get underway at all anymore.

Gauliga Oberschlesien

The new Gauliga Oberschlesien compromised the pre-war area of Upper Silesia and the formerly Polish reoccupied parts of the region.

The league started out with ten clubs in one single division in 1941. It was reduced to nine clubs for its second season 1942-43 but returned to ten clubs in the next year.

In its last season, 1944-45, it was meant to have nine clubs again but the arrival of the war in Silesia meant an early cancellation of the competition.

Aftermath

With the end of the Nazi era, the Gauligas ceased to exist and Silesia became part of the Soviet occupation zone. In turn, the Soviets handed over the region to Poland as compensation for the territories they lost in their east. Only a very small part of Silesia, the area west of the river Neiße, remained with Germany, becoming part of the new East Germany.

The majority of Germans in the region were forced to leave Silesia and almost all German football clubs disbanded. The region became part of the Polish football league system.

The small remaining part of Silesia not awarded to Poland is now part of the German federal state of Saxony.

Founding members of the league

The ten founding members and their league positions in 1932-33 were:

Winners and runners-up of the Gauliga

Gauliga Schlesien

Season Winner Runner-Up
1933-34 Beuthener SuSV 09 SpVgg 02 Breslau
1934-35 Vorwärts-Rasensport Gleiwitz SC Vorwärts Breslau
1935-36 Vorwärts-Rasensport Gleiwitz SC Preußen Hindenburg
1936-37 Beuthener SuSV 09 Vorwärts-Rasensport Gleiwitz
1937-38 Vorwärts-Rasensport Gleiwitz SpVgg 02 Breslau
1938-39 Vorwärts-Rasensport Gleiwitz SC Preußen Hindenburg
1939-40 Vorwärts-Rasensport Gleiwitz FV 06 Breslau
1940-41 Vorwärts-Rasensport Gleiwitz * Germania Königshütte *

  • * winner decleared.

Gauliga Niederschlesien

Season Winner Runner-Up
1941-42 SpVgg 02 Breslau LSV Reinecke Brieg
1942-43 LSV Reinecke Brieg SpVgg 02 Breslau
1943-44 STC Hirschberg SpVgg 02 Breslau

Gauliga Oberschlesien

Season Winner Runner-Up
1941-42 Germania Königshütte Bismarckhütter SV 99
1942-43 Germania Königshütte TuS Lipine
1943-44 Germania Königshütte TuS Lipine

Sources

References

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