Garstang

Garstang

Garstang, John, 1876-1956, English archaeologist. He served as W. M. Flinders Petrie's field assistant in Egypt in 1899 and was professor of archaeology at the Univ. of Liverpool from 1907 to 1941, when he became professor emeritus. He conducted archaeological excavations at Jericho in Palestine and at Sakje-Geuzu and Mersin in Anatolia. Garstang was director of the British School of Archaeology at Jerusalem (1919-26) and, after 1947, at Ankara. Among his writings are Meroë, the City of the Ethiopians (1911), The Hittite Empire (1929), Foundations of Bible History: Joshua, Judges (1931), and Prehistoric Mersin (1950).
Garstang is a town parish within the Wyre borough of Lancashire, England. It is ten miles north-northwest of the city of Preston and eleven miles south of Lancaster, and has a total resident population of 4,074.

History

Garstang is mentioned in the Domesday Book as Cherestanc. Later recordings of the name include Geresteng, Grestein, 1204; Gayrestan, 1236; Gayerstang, 1246; Gayrstang, 1274; Gayrestang, 1292.

A brief but comprehensive history of the parish, including the parish church of St Helens and Greenhalgh castle can be found on the link entitled 'The parish of Garstang', A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 7 in the 'References' section below.

King Charles II is alleged to have spent the night in a town centre pub during the English Civil War.

Saint John Plessington was born at Dimples Hall, which is just outside the town.

Garstang was once served by Garstang and Catterall railway station which closed in 1969, and Garstang Town railway station which closed to passengers in 1930.

The town celebrates an arts festival and an agricultural show every year in August. In November 2001 Garstang declared itself "the world's first Fairtrade Town", influencing many other towns, cities and counties around the United Kingdom to work towards the same goal. The Fairtrade Town status was renewed by the Fairtrade Foundation on August 13, 2003.

The local newspaper the Garstang Courier is available on tape free of charge to blind and partially sighted people from Galloway's Society for the Blind.

Garstang won the Small Town category in the 2005 Britain in Bloom Awards.

The town is overlooked by the ruined remains of Greenhalgh Castle, built in 1490 by Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby.

Garstang's only notable mention in popular culture came when it was referenced in series 1, episode 5 of hit comedy Phoenix Nights. Brian Potter (played by Peter Kay) said "What have you called us? What have you called the best cabaret lounge this side of Garstang?" in reference to an alternative comedy night being run at his fictional club.

Governance

From a very early time, Garstang lay within the Amounderness Hundred of Lancashire. From 1894 until 1974 Garstang formed its own local government district in the administrative county of Lancashire; "Garstang Rural District", which extended beyond the current civil parish boundaries, including villages such as Pilling.

Since 1974, Garstang has formed part of the Wyre borough of Lancashire.

Geography

Lying on the course of the River Wyre, Garstang is situated close to the A6 road, between Lancaster and Preston, a short distance from Knott End-on-Sea and Myerscough College.

Garstang and the nearby villages of Bonds, Bowgreave and Catterall form an almost continuous built-up area, bypassed by the A6 road in 1926..

References

External links

Search another word or see Garstangon Dictionary | Thesaurus |Spanish
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature