Gangadhar Gadgil was associated with various prestigious literary institutions of India. He also served as Vice President of the Sahitya Akademi from 1988-1993. He received the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1996 for his autobiographical work Eka Mungiche Mahabharata. He has also been awarded with the Abhiruchi Award in 1949; the Maharashtra State Award, 1956, 1957, and 1960; the N.C. Kelkar Award in 1980; and the R.S. Jog Award in 1982. He was a fellow of the Rockefeller Foundation.
Gadgil's style, deceptively simple looking, was capable of measuring up to the complexity of his content. Offbeat imagery is one of its striking features, but it is used temperately. Gadgil had a fine sensibility; and, not being warped, it can respond to the gentle and the beautiful, however unpromising its exterior. Several of his stories have an implied social comment, but the comment widens out beyond the society into the universally human.. Apart from short stories, he has also authored a few novels, children's stories, travelogues, and one-act plays.