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Gaines

Gaines

[geynz]
Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849, U.S. army officer, b. Culpeper co., Va.; brother of George Strother Gaines. He spent his boyhood in Tennessee and at the age of 22 joined the U.S. army. He surveyed (1801-4) Gaines Trace between Nashville and Natchez. In 1807 he arrested Aaron Burr and then testified at the Burr trial in Richmond. For his service in the War of 1812 he received many citations. Sent as a commissioner to negotiate with the Creek, he served under Andrew Jackson in the Creek and Seminole campaigns. He later took part in the Black Hawk War and led an expedition against the Seminole in Florida. There he fell into dispute with Gen. Winfield Scott, and a court of inquiry censured them both. In command of the Western Dept. of the army at the opening of the Mexican War, Gaines faced a court of inquiry for calling for volunteers on his own authority. He defended himself so ably that the charges were dismissed.

See biography by J. W. Silver (1949).

Gaines, George Strother, c.1784-1873, Alabama pioneer, b. Stokes co., N.C.; brother of Edmund Pendleton Gaines. From 1806 to 1819 he was U.S. factor and Indian agent at Saint Stephens, a strategic post on the Tombigbee River near the disputed West Florida boundary. Gaines's influence over the Choctaw kept them from joining Tecumseh's confederation against the Americans. He opened Gaines Trace from the Tennessee River to the Tombigbee and aided the settlers who poured into the Alabama country after 1816. When the Choctaw were to be removed beyond the Mississippi, they insisted that Gaines, whom they considered a friend, join their chiefs in selecting their lands, and Gaines later accompanied them on their migration. He served (1825-27) in the Alabama senate and later gained wealth as a merchant in Mobile, retiring in 1856 to his plantation at State Line, Miss.

Gaines is a village in Genesee County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 366 at the 2000 census. The village is within Gaines Township.

Government

The governing body is the Village Council which comprises the Village President and 6 Councilors. The Councilors, President, Treasurer and Clerk are all elected.

Village Council

Year President Councilors
2006 Thomas Keech Carol Erickson, Diane E. Wolverton, Jessica Schroeder

District Number Officeholder
U.S. Representative 5 Dale Kildee
State Senate 27 John J. Gleason
State Representative 49 Lee Gonzales
County Commissioner 6 Patricia A. Lockwood
District Court 4th Division - Fenton Mark McCabe, Chief Judge
School District Swartz Creek Multiple; see article
Community College C.S. Mott Multiple: see article
Polling Location

History

The Village of Gaines did not see a settler until 1856. The first passenger train passed through the future village site on July 4, 1856 and a post office was established that same year. The Grand Trunk Western Railroad depot, built in 1884, now houses a library branch.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.8 km² (0.3 mi²), all land which lies within Gaines Township at the border with Argentine Township.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 366 people, 143 households, and 98 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,205.5 per square mile (471.0/km²). There were 155 housing units at an average density of 510.5/sq mi (199.5/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 93.72% White, 1.91% African American, 0.55% Asian, 1.37% from other races, and 2.46% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.64% of the population.

There were 143 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.0% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.8% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the village the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 10.1% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 104.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $44,375, and the median income for a family was $46,250. Males had a median income of $50,625 versus $22,500 for females. The per capita income for the village was $19,790. About 8.5% of families and 10.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.6% of those under age 18 and 18.5% of those age 65 or over.

References

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