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GJ 3021b

GJ 3021

GJ 3021, formally cataloged as Gliese 3021, is a binary star system approximately 57 light-years away in the constellation of Hydrus (the Water Snake).

The visible star in the system, A, is considered to be a Solar twin. As of 2000, it has been confirmed that an extrasolar planet orbits the star. It is of note for being a relatively sun-like star not very far from the Sun that is home to an extrasolar planet..

Stellar components

As a nearby sun-like star, the last decade has seen GJ 3021A being studied carefully for the first time, especially after its substellar companion was discovered. It is currently believed that it is 800 million years old, though age estimates range from 150 million to 8.8 billion years old depending on the method used for the determination. The star is more enriched with iron than the Sun, is chromospherically active, and rotates around its axis more quickly than the Sun. The secondary star GJ 3021B is a M4 red dwarf star at a projected physical separation of 68 AU.

Planetary system

Announced in 2000, the Jovial planet GJ 3021 b orbits about 0.5 astronomical units from GJ 3021 A with a minimum mass 3.37 times that of Jupiter, as determined by measuring variations in the radial velocity of the star. A study published in 2001 suggested that the usual inability to determine the orbital inclination of an extrasolar planet through radial velocity measurement had caused this mass to be severely underestimated. The astrometric orbit gives an orbital inclination of 11.8° and a mass of 16 Jupiter masses, which would make the object a brown dwarf. However later analysis showed that Hipparcos was not sensitive enough to accurately determine astrometric orbits for substellar companions, which means the inclination (and hence the true mass) of the planet are still unknown.

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