GAZ-61 was a four wheel drive car from GAZ first introduced in 1938 GAZ-61 to replace V.A Grachev's too complex model GAS-M21, but production didn't really start until 1940. It was made by putting the GAZ M2 body on a four wheel drive chassis. Designed by V. A. Gratchev. It is the worlds first SUV and possibly the world's first all-wheel drive passenger car. It could climb angles up to 38 degrees and cross water up to depth.
The first version made between 1940 and 1941 was 5-seated 4-door phaeton. It was powered by a 6-cyl 4-stroke engine giving giving a top speed of . Many supreme commanders of the Red Army headquarters used this car in 1941.
In 1941 the updated GAZ-61-73 was introduced. It was now a 5-seat, 4-door 6-light saloon. It had the same engine, but was now rated at a top speed of .
The GAZ-61 was not only painted in civilian black but in in blue and Russian 4BO green as well, together with the typical cross-country tread tires.
The GAZ-61 featured several times in the 1962 Soviet film, Ivanovo Servenaya.