Futurist movement

Futurist architecture

Futurist architecture (or Futurism) began as an early-20th century form of architecture characterized by anti-historicism and long horizontal lines suggesting speed, motion and urgency. Technology and even violence were among the themes of the Futurists. The movement was founded by the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, who produced its first manifesto, the Manifesto of Futurism in 1909. The movement attracted not only poets, musicians, and artists (such as Umberto Boccioni, Giacomo Balla, Fortunato Depero, and Enrico Prampolini) but also a number of architects. The latter group included Antonio Sant'Elia, who, though he built little, translated the Futurist vision into bold urban form.

Post WWII Futurism

In the post-WWII era, futurism, toned down considerably, redefined itself in the context of Space Age trends, the car culture and a fascination with plastic. An example of this type of futurism is Googie architecture of 1950s California. Futurism is not a style but an open approach to architecture, so it has been reinterpreted by different generations of architects across several decades, but is usually marked by striking shapes, dynamic lines, strong contrasts and use of advanced materials.

Post WWII architects with futurist tendencies

In the popular literature futurist is often used loosely to be describe architecture that has a strange or space age look. It is now sometimes conflated with blob architecture. The looser usage of futurism—which rarely involves issues of politics—is to be differentiated from the Futurist Movement of the 1920s.

Examples of post WWII futurism

References

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