Archipelago at the southern extremity of South America. It is separated from the Antarctic Archipelago by the Drake Passage. The southern and western parts are an extension of the Andes Mountains, with peaks exceeding 7,000 ft (2,100 m). About two-thirds of the islands are in Chile, and the remainder are in Argentina. The main island, Tierra del Fuego, is divided roughly equally between Chile (west) and Argentina (east); the city of Ushuaia, Arg., there is the southernmost city in the world. Indigenous peoples were the sole occupants until 1880, when colonization by Chilean and Argentine nationals was prompted by the discovery of gold. Chile's only oil field is there. The region's name (Spanish: “Land of Fire”) refers to its many volcanoes.
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NUEVAS EVIDENCIAS DE CAZADORES RECOLECTORES TERRESTRES DEL HOLOCENO MEDIO Y TARDÍO EN TIERRA DEL FUEGO: EL SITIO CABO MONMOUTH 20(1)/ NEW EVIDENCE OF MIDDLE AND LATE HOLOCENE TERRESTRIAL HUNTER GATHERERS IN TIERRA DEL FUEGO: CABO MONMOUTH SITE
Jul 01, 2009; RESUMEN Los hallazgos del sitio Cabo Monmouth 20 (CM20) representan nueva evidencia sobre ocupaciones del Holoceno medio (ca....