A freight conductor is a person who is employed by a railroad. The freight conductor is the lead employee assigned to a freight train, and is responsible for the smooth operation of the assignment.
1) Yard Foreman - A yard foreman, is a freight conductor that has been assigned to a yard job. Yard jobs are divided into 2 categories, Switcher and Industry Switcher.
2) Remote Control Yard Foreman - A remote control yard foreman, has the same duties as a "Yard Foreman". The difference is that He or she also controls the movement of the locomotive with a remote control device.
3) Road Foreman - Also known as a "Conductor". The road foreman is responsible for the safe and efficient movement of trains from one terminal to another, generally located in another city or state. The Road foreman is the employee in charge of the assignment and is responsible to ensure that all safety guidelines are met, as well as ensuring that all of the rail cars within the train are "Set Out" at the appropriate stop; often referred to as a "Terminal".
The average rate of pay for a freight conductor is approximately $23.00 per hour in USA. Freight conductors are limited to no more than 12 hours on duty by the Federal Railroad Administration, which is the federal agency assigned to monitor railroad activity, and ensure compliance with all federal, state, and local regulations regarding the movement of freight over rail. Freight conductors in USA typically work 45 to 60 hours per week over the course of 6 days.
In order to become a freight conductor, one must attend a college course specifically designed to teach the individual the necessary skills, and federal rules and regulations. Upon completion of the college course (with a passing grade of 85% or higher) the individual is offered employment by a railroad. Upon employment that individual will continue with his or her education by completing an average of 12 to 14 weeks of on the job training. During this training the newly hired freight conductor will learn the layout of his or her assigned territory, and all yards contained within that territory or terminal. Upon completion of training he or she will be tested for the depth of their newly acquired skills, and must be certified by their employer as a "Qualified" freight conductor.
In the Finnish state railways, there are only yard freight conductors. Road trains typically have a one man crew, or 2 engineers. The rate of pay consist of a monthly flat payment, extra pay for night/weekend work, and possible overtime paid by the hours. The average earnings for freight conductor is 20000-35000 euros a year.
Time on duty is limited to no more than 10 hours per shift. Typically freight conductors work about 40 hours a week, 3-5 starts. About 80% work scheduled assignments.