Definitions

Freiberg

Freiberg

Freiberg, city (1994 pop. 46,540), Saxony, E Germany. It is an industrial center and a rail junction. Manufactures include machinery, electrical and precision instruments, leather, textiles, and porcelain. Lead and zinc are mined in the region. Freiberg was for centuries a silver-mining center and was settled by miners in the 12th cent.; by the early 20th cent., silver mining in the region had been abandoned. The city passed in 1485 to the house of Wettin, and it was the main commercial center of Saxony until the 16th cent. In the Thirty Years War it resisted a siege by the Swedes (1642-43), and in the Seven Years War the Prussians defeated (1762) the Austrians there. Noteworthy buildings include a late Gothic cathedral and numerous Renaissance style and baroque houses. Freiberg's famous mining academy (founded 1765) is the oldest in the world.

Freiberg (i.e. free mountain) is a city in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, capital of the Mittelsachsen district.

The city was founded in 1186, and has been a center of the mining industry in the Ore Mountains for centuries. A symbol of this history is the Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg (famously known as the Mining Academy), established in 1765 and the oldest university of mining and metallurgy in the world. Freiberg also has a notable cathedral containing two famous Gottfried Silbermann organs. Furthermore there are two other organs made by Gottfried Silbermann - one at the St. Peter's Church (Petrikirche) and the other one at the St. James' Church (Jacobikirche). The medieval part of Freiberg stands under heritage protection.

The river, Freiberger Mulde, flows through the township of Freiberg, not the city itself.

In 1944 the Flossenburg concentration camp oversaw a subcamp built outside the city of Freiberg. It housed over 500 female survivors of other camps, including Auschwitz Birkenau. Altogether 50 or so SS women worked in this camp until its evacuation in April 1945. The female survivors later reached the Mauthausen concentration camp in Austria.

Literature

Cziborra, Pascal. KZ Freiberg. Geheime Schwangerschaft. Lorbeer Verlag. Bielefeld. 2008 ISBN 9783938969052

In 1985 The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints built the scenic Freiberg Germany Temple here because of the large number of members in the region.

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