Berwickshire or the County of Berwick is a registration county, a committee area of the Scottish Borders Council, and a lieutenancy area of Scotland, on the border with England.
Berwickshire was formerly one of the ancient counties of Scotland
, but was abolished in 1975 during local government reorganisation. Its county town
, after which it is named, had been Berwick-upon-Tweed
, but the royal burgh
changed hands in 1482, subsequently becoming part of the county of Northumberland
, in England. Thereafter the county's administration was conducted at Duns
became the county town in 1596. When a county council was established in 1890 the county town once more became Duns, where the former county's Sheriff Court still sits, and where the Scottish Borders Council still maintains a principal set of offices.
At the time of the county's abolition it contained four burghs and three districts:
The Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973
that abolished the county incorporated its area into the Borders Region
. The region existed from 1975 until 1996, and was divided into four districts
, one of which was named Berwickshire. The District of Berwickshire was not identical with the former county however: the burgh of Lauder and most of the county's West District were included in Ettrick and Lauderdale
, while the parish of Nenthorn
was made part of Roxburgh District. Berwickshire District Council's headquarters remained in Duns.
Coat of arms
The County Council of Berwick was formed in 1890
by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1889
, and applied for a grant of arms the same year. The grant, by Lord Lyon King of Arms
was made on October 10
. The arms showed a bear chained to a wych-elm tree, which formed part of the insignia of the borough of Berwick upon Tweed
, and was an heraldic pun on the town and county's name.
On November 12, 1975, the arms were regranted to Berwickshire District Council. On the abolition of the district council in 1996, the arms reverted to the Crown.
The Berwickshire News
is still published weekly, and numerous organisations and groups have retained Berwickshire in their titles (i.e: the Berwickshire Housing Association, Berwickshire Sports Council). The Berwickshire Civic Society is currently (2007) campaigning for road signs at the entrances to the old county to have notices added saying 'You are now entering the ancient county of Berwickshire', and they hold an annual Keep Berwickshire Tidy Campaign
, judged each April.
Places in Berwickshire include Coldingham, Coldstream, Duns, Earlston, Eyemouth, Foulden, Greenlaw, Lauder (former seat of the county Commissariot), Mordington, St. Abbs, and Swinton.