Foss, Lukas, 1922-2009, American composer, pianist, and conductor, b. Berlin as Lukas Fuchs. He came to the United States in 1937, attended the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia, studied conducting with Serge Koussevitzky and composition with Paul Hindemith at Yale, and became a citizen in 1942. His composition Four Inventions, for piano, was published when he was 15. In 1957, while a professor of composition at the Univ. of California, Los Angeles, he founded the Improvisation Chamber Ensemble, which performed many of his experimental works. From 1963 to 1970 he was music director and conductor of the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, where he became noted for performing avant-garde compositions. Teaching at the State Univ. of New York at Buffalo during this period, he also founded (1963) its Center for Creative and Performing Arts. In 1971 he was named music director of what became the Brooklyn Philharmonic, transforming a community ensemble into a significant New York orchestra; he remained in the post until 1990. He also directed the Jerusalem Symphony (1972-76) and the Milwaukee Symphony Orchestra (1980-86).

As a composer, Foss created a wide variety of works in a great many musical forms. He was initially influenced by American composers, notably Aaron Copland, and produced traditional works such as The Tempest (1942), an orchestral suite; The Prairie (1944), a cantata based on Carl Sandburg's poem; and Griffelkin (1955), an opera. His later interest in improvisational techniques and aleatory music is reflected in such works as his chamber piece Elytres (1964). Still later, he turned to minimalism and a postmodern eclecticism, as in his Renaissance Concerto (1986).

See K. L. Perone, Lukas Foss: A Bio-Bibliography (1991).

Foss is a town in Washita County, Oklahoma, United States. During World War II, the town boasted a population of over 300 residents, relying primarily on Route 66 travellers (which passed half a mile south of the city) and a U.S. naval base south of the town that operated during wartime. A gas station and a café also operated in the town around that time. The population was 127 at the 2000 census.


Foss is located at (35.453305, -99.170754), elevation 1,629 feet (497 m).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.7 square miles (1.9 km²), all of it land.


As of the census of 2000, there were 127 people, 55 households, and 38 families residing in the town. The population density was 174.9 people per square mile (67.2/km²). There were 69 housing units at an average density of 95.0/sq mi (36.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 81.89% White, 7.09% Native American, 0.79% Asian, 3.94% from other races, and 6.30% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.87% of the population.

There were 55 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.9% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 31.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,375, and the median income for a family was $33,750. Males had a median income of $35,750 versus $15,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,168. There were 11.1% of families and 10.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 11.4% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.


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