Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks, in the vicinity of the mouth of the Columbia River, commemorate the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Administration of the parks is a cooperative effort of the United States National Park Service and the states of Oregon and Washington, and was dedicated on November 12, 2004.
After reaching the Pacific Ocean, the Corps of Discovery camped at Fort Clatsop in the winter of 1805–1806. The parks also preserve several landing sites on the north bank of the river in Washington, and other sites in Oregon.
The federal park began as Fort Clatsop National Memorial
, authorized on May 29
. The memorial was listed on the National Register of Historic Places
on October 15
. On October 30
, it was redesignated Lewis and Clark National Historical Park
with expanded jurisdiction over multiple sites, including:
- Clark's Dismal Nitch
- Fort Clatsop
- Fort to Sea Trail (dedicated on November 14, 2005)
- Memorial to Thomas Jefferson
- Netul Landing
- Salt Works
- Station Camp
Oregon state parks
Ecola State Park
Ecola was the site of the Corps of Discovery's 1806 trek over difficult terrain to see a beached whale. Today, it features several miles of hiking trails through old growth forest, and several beaches. Haystack Rock and the Needles are visible in from many sites in the park. Much of the 1985 film The Goonies was filmed there, and the final scenes of the 1991 film Point Break were filmed at Indian Beach in the park.
Fort Stevens State Park
, with its park, offers exploration of history, nature, and recreational opportunities. The fort was the primary military defense installation in the three fort Harbor Defense System at the mouth of the Columbia River (Fort Canby and Fort Columbia were other two).
Sunset Beach State Recreation Area
Sunset Beach is the terminus of the Fort To Sea Trail, which begins in Fort Clatsop. Sunset Beach also provides visitors with direct access to the Pacific Ocean with expansive views from Cape Disappointment to the north and Ecola State Park to the South.
Washington state parks
Cape Disappointment State Park
, formerly known as Fort Canby State Park, is a camping park on the Long Beach Peninsula, fronted by the Pacific Ocean. The park offers of ocean beach, two lighthouses, an interpretive center and hiking trails. The Cape Disappointment Historic District was listed on the National Register on August 15
Fort Columbia State Park
Fort Columbia is an old coastal artillery
post along the north side of the Columbia river outlet. At , the park includes an interpretive center focused on regional history.
It may also include Chinook Point, the site from which an American captain Gray(?) first saw the Columbia River, giving the United States a basis to claim the U.S. Northwest. Chinook Point was named a National Historic Landmark in 1961.