There are four neighbourhoods (officially villages, which appear as one contiguous urban area):
Vaiaku is the most important, most southern and most western neighbourhood. The official buildings are here.
There are seven small ponds.
On the island there are government offices, Vaiaku Lagi Hotel (the only hotel of the country, there are also a few guesthouses), telecommunication centre, a jail, a meteorological station, a fuelpump station, a hospital (Princess Margaret Hospital), the governor's house, the Tuvalu House, the Philatelic Bureau, some shops, Tuvalu's only commercial bank, and the general post office. Seaplanes can land near the airport. The Fetuao Lima Church, Tausoa Maneapa (city hall), cooperation shop and a primary school are also on the island. There is a hurricane bank and a reef around the island. The bank is on the eastern side, the side of the open Pacific ocean, so the western side is the atoll-side. There is a wreck from WW II.
There are four taxis, and motorbikes are available for hire. The village has a surface area of more than 0.65 square kilometres and has about 4000 inhabitants.