Flórina (Φλώρινα, local Slavic: Лерин, Lerin; known also by several alternative names) is a town in mountainous northwestern Macedonia, Greece and its motto is, 'Where Greece begins'. It is also the Metropolitan seat for the region. It lies in the central part of Florina Prefecture, of which it is the capital. Florina belongs to the periphery of West Macedonia. The town's population is 16,771 people (2001 census). It is in a wooded valley about 13 km south of the border with the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia.
It is the gateway to the Prespa Lakes and, until the modernisation of the road system, of the old town of Kastoria. Its border location find it in proximity to Korçë, Albania and south of Bitola, FYR Macedonia, west of Edessa, northwest of Kozani, and northeast of Ioannina and Kastoria. The nearest airport is situated to the east. The mountains of Verno is to the southwest and Varnous to the northwest.
Winters bring heavy snow fall and prolonged temperature below-freezing. During the hot summer months it becomes a busy market town.
Even though it enjoys the first rail line build in the southern Ottoman provinces late 19 century, its rail system remains undeveloped. Today, Florina is linked by rail (single track standard gauge) to Thessaloniki and Bitola, and to Kozani (meter gauge) where it was intended to continue south and link up with the terminal in Kalambaka, in Thessaly but this did not proceed due to the 1930s financial crisis.
The demographic composition of the area the 19th and early 20th centuries is unclear as many factors contributed to the ethnic orientation of the people; out of these religion was particularly important thus giving rise to a proselytism struggle between the Greek Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople and the Bulgarian Exarchate (established in 1870). In 1886, 78.4% of the Christian population of the Florina kaza (province) - a part of the Manastır vilayet - was aligned with the Ecumenical Patriarchate and 21.6% with the Bulgarian Exarchate, however by 1900 the Patriarchatists had dropped to 50.9% and Exarchatists had risen to 49.1%. The actual Greek-speaking element in this area was concentrated in urban centres where it participated in the religious, administrative, social, and educational sectors of life, this presenting to the outside world a "Greek-like" picture of the area.
In the late 19th century, it became a centre of Slavic agitation for independence from the Ottoman Empire, but in 1912 it became part of Greece following the First Balkan War. The town was again in the firing line during World War I, during which it was occupied by Bulgaria, and during the Axis Occupation in World War II, when the town became a centre of Slavic separatism.
For part of the Greek Civil War Florina was under communist control. The Slavic-Macedonian National Liberation Front, later simply the National Liberation Front or NOF, had a significant presence in the area: by 1946, seven Slav Macedonian partisan units were operating in the Florina area, and NOF had a regional committee based in Florina. When the NOF merged with the Democratic Army of Greece (DSE), many Slav Macedonians in the region enlisted as volunteers in the DSE. When the Communists withdrew from Florina in 1949, thousands of people were evacuated or fled to Yugoslavia and the Eastern Bloc.
Durinig the 1950s and 1960s, the area lost much of its population to emigration, both to Athens and Thessaloniki as well as US, Canada, Australia and Germany. Following Greece's EU membership and the economic upturn, many from Germany returned.
Raped by Her Uncle and Pregnant at 10 the Full Moving Story of the Romanian Schoolgirl Who Flew to Britain This Week for the Abortion Refused in Her Homeland; Journey to Salvation: Now Florina and Her Mother Lacramioara Can Make a Fresh Start
Jul 12, 2008; Byline: Natalie Clarke A SMALL, pretty girl wearing a pink hair-band sits before me, cuddlingher mother tightly. Florina...
Aged 11, the Rape Victim Coming to Britain for an Abortion; Tragic: Florina's Family Allowed Her to Be Named to Win Public Support for Their Campaign in Romania
Jun 27, 2008; THIS is the 11-year-old Romanian girl who will be brought to Britain foran abortion after she was raped by her teenage uncle....
Wipo Publishes Patent of Florina Corina Patcas, Martin Dieterle, Basf, Christophe Houssin and Basf China for "Catalyst for Dehydrogenating Hydrocarbons" (German Inventors)
Jul 01, 2013; GENEVA, July 1 -- Publication No. WO/2013/093824 was published on June 27.Title of the invention: "CATALYST FOR DEHYDROGENATING...
Wipo Publishes Patent of Basf, Florina Corina Patcas, Martin Dieterle, Yong Liu and Basf (China) for "Method for Regenerating Spent Styrene Catalysts" (German Inventors)
May 13, 2013; GENEVA, May 13 -- Publication No. WO/2013/064956 was published on May 10.Title of the invention: "METHOD FOR REGENERATING SPENT...
Wipo Publishes Patent of Basf, Florina Corina Patcas, Martin Dieterle, Yong Liu and Basf (China) for "Process for Reprocessing Spent Catalysts" (German Inventors)
May 10, 2013; GENEVA, May 10 -- Publication No. WO/2013/064944 was published on May 10.Title of the invention: "PROCESS FOR REPROCESSING SPENT...