Definitions

Florianópolis

Royal Malaysian Police

The Royal Malaysian Police (RMP), or Polis Diraja Malaysia (PDRM) in Malay, is a part of the security forces structure in Malaysia. The force is a centralized organization with responsibilities ranging from traffic control to intelligence gathering. Its headquarters is located at Bukit Aman, Kuala Lumpur. The police force is led by an Inspector-General of Police (IGP). The post is currently held by Tan Sri Musa Hassan.

In carrying out its responsibilities, the regular RMP is assisted by a support group comprising of Extra Police Constables, Police Volunteer Reserves, Auxiliary Police, Police Cadets and a civilian service element.

Rakan Cop is a community outreach programme launched in 9 August 2005.

The RMP constantly co-operates closely with police forces worldwide, which include those from the four neighbouring countries Malaysia shares border with: Indonesian National Police, Royal Brunei Police Force, Royal Thai Police and Singapore Police Force.

The RMP, in 2006, surpassed the Interpol crime solving standards.

History

The police has been in existence since the days of the Malacca Sultanate. Malacca's canonical law created the earliest police force in Malaysia through the institution of the Temenggong and his royal Hulubalang or warriors. Undeniably, policing institutions have had indeed existed since the Hindu Majapahit and Buddhist Sri Vijaya Empires. During the king's absence, Malacca was ruled in the interim by the Bendahara (or Prime Minister) who had absolute power in handing out sentences but it was the Temenggung who acted as the Police Chief. His task was to catch criminals, to build jails and implement sentences. Apart from the Temenggung, there were a number of Penghulu or village chieftains charged with policing their respective villages. This team's main tasks were tax collection, law enforcement and preserving village security. Malacca's police system ended when on August 10, 1511, the Portuguese fleet led by Alfonso de Albuquerque successfully conquered Malacca.

Police duties were then performed by Portuguese soldiers. Near year 1511 Melaka were become cosmopolitan society. Portuguese's side administer Malacca with use the "Kapitan" administration. On January 14 1641, Portuguese Empire in Malacca also taken ended with Dutch conquest in Malacca with the help several soldiers of Johore state, when Portuguese go to war with Acheh. Dutch comply ruled Malacca by using military system by maintain 'Kapitan' system which was introduced by Portuguese. A police force whose name 'Burgher Guard' established when increased inhabitants of Europe and necessary set up a police. Burgher Guard is new body and his officers comprise from Dutch who lives in Malacca. Inferior members it is Malacca's persons. Responsible to Justice Council his members selected among Dutch in Malacca. The Head Villagers also conducted duties of policemen during Malacca living under Dutch.

The modern police organisation in Malaysia started in March 25 1807 revenue enshrine him Charter Of Justice in Penang. Most of the officers were of British origin. Later this organisation is developed to Straits Settlements and other Malay states, particularly to the Federated Malay States. At that time, police organisation is limited to respective state. Only after World War II, single police organization with maiden administration of the centre was established and known as the Civil Affairs Police Force. This organization was formed in Malaya to perform the functions police with lead H.B. Longworthy. British colonial have to stabilize police organisation after current anarchy nationwide through Japanese state time. Among problem rampant then is communist party rebellion. In confrontations of Malaysia and Indonesia from 1963 till 1965, the force also along with military forces in fought against the infiltrations from Indonesian forces in Johore and Sabah.

Almost a year after Independence Day, viz on July 24 1958, DYMM Baginda Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Almarhum Tuanku Abd Rahman Ibni Almarhum Tuanku Muhamad already deign to bestow title 'Royal' to the Malayan Federations Police Force. From the second police force is known with the name "The Royal Federation Of Malayan Police" and to 1963 convert to Royal Malaysian Police.

Insignia

The flag and insignia of the Royal Malaysian Police which is with a background in blue colour symbolize the masses in the Malaysian state. This sign often fitted to flag, team flags and others. In the centre of the flag exist symbol coloured PDRM silver or white. This police symbol comprise from a Kris and Ilang's a chopper / Kelewang which intersects. Above crossing-over that discovered also tiger head arise coiled by "Paddy Garland" and under it is Polis Diraja Malaysia's scroll with the word. In the division network summit paddy flower there were a Crown include the word God on the right and Muhammad on the left (in malay-Arabic writings).

Moon and star

The Moon and Star symbolizes Islam as the official religion of Malaysia.

Crown

The crown, depicted on the Royal Malaysian Police's insignia, upholds the high sanctity of Islam and greatness of God, and as a panegyric reference to the Yang Dipertuan Agong, bestowing the term "Royal" to its name. The words Allah and Muhammad, which respectively symbolize God The Al-Mighty and Prophet Muhammad S.A.W as the follower, signifies Islam as the official religion and faith of RMP personnel, who are willing to uphold justice and the security of the prople of Malaysia.

Kris and chopper

Kris were symbolized Peninsular of Malaysia. Kris is the weapon which are used by the Malay warriors in prehistory. It was starts create after beginning him metal time and originally is designed by Arabic nation before spread to the whole Malay Archipelago (comprise from Indonesian, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar and Philippines archipelago) and it also taken use warrior from Hindu Majapahit empires which are descended from Indonesian (then Islamic religion not yet widespread to the whole Indonesia and Malaysia's land) and Siamese. Tradisional's chopper or Kelewang symbolizes State of Sarawak and Sabah, East Malaysia and it symbolized both of heroism spirit multiple state race viz Dayak, Dusun, Bajau, Kadazan and Malayan Brunei.

Tiger head

The tiger's head is to symbolize the courage, strength and spirit RMP. Previously, RMP used a lion's head as the symbol of courage from September 16 1963, after the formation of Malaysia, until May 15 1994, when it was replaced with the head of tiger as the official order Malaysian government.

Paddy flower

Paddy flower is a reference to paddy and rice, the staple food for Malaysians and signifies national prosperity.

Motto

RMP's motto likes spirit height and team member determination.

Sang Saka Biru

PDRM's flag is called the Blue Perennial or (Sang Saka Biru), each colour has its own distinctive meaning and the flag symbolizes the force's pride and integrity.

RMP Organizations

Apart from 2 departments involved in the administration viz Management Department and Logistics Department, RMP have 5 departments involved in crime prevention viz Criminal Investigation Division, Narcotics Criminal Investigation Division, Internal Security Department and Public Order (KDN / KA), Special Branch and Investigation Department Commercial Crime. All departments this lead by the directors upgrade Police Commissioner (Three General Star)

Management Department

Generally, Management Department is responsible for deep management and administration affairs to do with RMP. They also have a role in moving established management system as a catalyst to progress RMP.Function

  1. Service / Designation - Includes recruitment, service record, confirmation, promotion, exchange, pay / allowance and retirement
  2. General Administration And Policy - Includes Administration General, Researcher / Development , Civil Affairs , Welfare, Sport And PERKEP
  3. Training - Includes handling a basic course, Development Course, Follow-up Course in Higher Learning Institute and Recovery Course
  4. Discipline - Includes monitoring of terms of reference / filter, investigation / investigative and action / counselling.Branch
  5. Administrations
  6. Welfare Branch
  7. Training Divisions
  8. Researcher Branch / Development
  9. Services Division / Designation
  10. Public Affairs Divisions
  11. Public Relations Divisions
  12. Intake Divisions
  13. Ceremony Divisions
  14. Commandant Camp Branch
  15. RMP Sports Council

Logistics Department

Logistics Department this have the role to prepare several equipments needed in RMP.Functions

  1. Operate operating budget and RMP's development
  2. Planning, manage, operate and maintain communication every aspect, information technology, transport and weaponry
  3. Manage project and maintain building and property
  4. Managing turnover and supply of equipment general / RMP's tech
  5. Manage RMP's assetsBranches
  6. Naziran's Branch / Administration
  7. Communications Divisions
  8. Information Technology Divisions
  9. Transport Divisions
  10. Finance Divisions
  11. Technical Turnover
  12. Weaponry Part
  13. General Turnover
  14. Part Of The Building
  15. Disposal / Stock / Verification / Write-off

Criminal Investigation Division

This department is involved with the investigation, arrest and prosecution for crimes that terrorism on human (like murder, rob with firearms, rape and injury) and property crime (like theft and house-breaking). Apart from that this department enforce law communicates gambling, sin and triad in Malaysia.Functions

  1. Operate investigation and crime detection
  2. Arrested and claimed offenders
  3. Enforced law and orders communicates gambling, sin and triadBranches
  4. D1 - Administrative Divisions
  5. D2 - Criminal Record Registration
  6. D3 - Naziran Divisions
  7. D4 - Part Of The Statistics Record Unit
  8. D5 - Prosecution and Law Divisions
  9. D6 - Technical Assistance Division
  10. D7 - Triad Part / Gambling / Sin
  11. D8 - Investigation Division / Planning
  12. D9 - Special Investigation Divisions
  13. D10 - Forensic Laboratory Divisions
  14. D11 - Sexual Investigation Divisions
  15. D12 - National Centre Bureau-Interpol Divisions

Criminal Investigation Division is lead by a Commissioner of Police (CP).

Narcotics Criminal Investigation Division

This department function fight against dangerous drugs as enemy country ' main with enforce the law to check and reduce dangerous drugs demand and supply.Functions

  1. Enforce the law abuse and drug trafficking
  2. Collect, study, assess and spread information drug related
  3. Investigate distributors activity and drug trafficking syndicates
  4. Fight drug smuggling including chemical used to process drug
  5. Implement programmes prevention relating to drug abuse
  6. Change with the agency information domestic and outside drug enforcer
  7. Keep record and statistics relating with distribution and matter relating with drugs
  8. Supervise their activity ever am being seized involved with the offence and drug trafficking syndicate activity
  9. Provide training to officer / samada narcotics department member in and foreign
  10. Attend the meeting, seminar relating with samada drug in and in foreignBranches
  11. Special Investigation Divisions
  12. Coordinator Part / International-relations
  13. Administrative Divisions
  14. Detention Divisions
  15. Estate Stripping
  16. Interrogate
  17. Expert / Technical Assistance
  18. Record / Statistics
  19. Registration
  20. Logistics Divisions
  21. Airport Staff

Narcotics Criminal Investigation Division lead by Police Commissioner (CP).

Internal Security Department and Public Order (KDN / KA)

This department is tasked with the maintenance of public security and order. It is responsible for traffic control and search and rescue (SAR) operation. In this role, this department cooperates with other agency, such as the Malaysian Armed Forces and Army / Navy maritime patrol to prevent piracy activities and to secure the national borders. In addition, its assists the Transport Ministry and the Public Enterprises Ministry in Traffic Act enforcement.

The main branches under this department are:

General Operations Forces

The Police Field Force (PFF) organized in battalions, were once the para-military units of the Royal Malaysian Police. The force, which was also known as the Jungle Squad (Pasukan Polis Hutan (PPH) in Bahasa) was tasked to operate in the jungle fringes in counter-insurgency role during the Malayan Emergency, Indonesian Confrontation and later anti-communist operations along the Malaysian-Thai border and in the jungles of Sabah and Sarawak. When the Malayan Communist Party (MCP) and Clandestine Communist Organisation (CCO) finally gave up their armed struggle in 1989 and 1990, PFF lost its role. It was reorganized as the General Operations Forces (GOF). The GOF has 19 battalions and the 19th Special Battalion is tasked to provide VIP security.

When established in the year 1948, the PFF had 19 battalions of which two battalions were raised from indigenous peoples. These battalions were known as Senoi Praaq Battalions. One battalion was a Special Security Battalion.

The 19 battalions are organized into 5 brigades, each headed by a Superintendent of Police. The North Brigade and Sabah Brigade have 4 battalions each, Central Brigade: 5 battalions and South-East Brigade, and Sarawak Brigade: 3 battalions each.

As partial paramilitary corps in inside the team of Royal Malaysian Police (PDRM), PGA have substantive history string. In the year 1948, all it beginning when Malayan Communist Party act murdered 3 farmers from Europe in Sungai Siput, Perak and murder 3 party leader of Kuo Min Tang (the Chinese communist right-wing party) and the effect-of the British High Commissioner, Sir Edward Gent measures declare emergency on 7 July 1948 in all Malaya Federations originated in Perak on June 16, 1948 and in Johor on June 19, 1948. To deal rebellion problem domestic and hunting communist terrorist in the jungle a team based upon military have been formed in year 1948 and named Flying Squad. Because not practical and suitable, this group name has been converted to parallel Jungle Squad with his role fight communist terrorist in forest. Jungle Squad's first units established at Sik, Kedah in the year 1949. On success of the formation this squadron, his total membership enhanced. Training centre supply squad this opens at Sungai Buluh, Selangor further in Dusun Tua, Hulu Langat, Selangor to 1953 which is known as Field Force Special Training Centre (SLPPH). In the year 1964, SLPPH switch to Kroh, Perak then changed to Kentonmen, Ulu Kinta, Perak. After General Operations Forces or Pasukan Gerakan Am name are given in the year 1997, SLPPH now known as Sekolah Latihan Pasukan Gerakan Am (General Operations Forces Training Centre, SLPGA).

In defend the country's pride, this team has been involved in insurgensi communist start from year 1948 to 1960. Put ordered by District's Police Chief with strength between 15-20 every member unit. Although this group membership is small but role played very proud: Given responsibility to this team were implemented that excellent and very enthusiastic. This had given slapped that so great to communist terrorist. Besides communist insurgencies, the team also joined equivalent with the military of Malaysian Federations and British and deep Commonwealth beating the Ganyang Malaysia movements while confrontations with Indonesian soldiers lead by President Soekarno in the year 1963 to 1966.

So far, 2 Senoi Praaq battalions specialised team as tracking supply task of search and rescue. After VAT 69 absorbed into Pasukan Gerakan Khas anti-terror police along with Special Action Unit (UTK), special platoon of PGA which is known as Tiger Platoon established and with role deep functions which not less spectacular with VAT 69 and 19th Special Battalion becomes protection components for VVIP.

Police Counter-Terrorism Units

When threats of global terrorism is increasing beginning with incident 11th of September year 2000 in United States followed up with several series of bombings in Bali and Jakarta, Indonesia until Malaysia self complied sense the terrorism global, Royal Malaysian Police has complied 2 anti-terror corps big role not only fight terrorism together with elite force of military even deal with dangerous crimes. Two elite forces talk about stated known as Pasukan Gerakan Khas and Unit Selam Tempur.
Pasukan Gerakan Khas
Pasukan Gerakan Khas is a major entity elite force in Royal Malaysian Police which comprised of VAT 69 and Special Actions Unit (UTK) become the main entities of this team. This team at first arranged and merged in a team in the year 1997. Maroon Beret become the UTK pride was worn to all officers and members supplied the standardization purpose. Yet, this integration not endure long when in the year 2003, both it set apart again and become two detachment after finding be imbalance opposite the integration. Sandy Brown Beret worned again by VAT 69, beret ever being rewarded by British 22nd Special Air Service (SAS), while UTK still maintain the maroon beret. However, both of detachment still stay the undermaster control and Pasukan Gerakan Khas supervision steered by a Commander upgrades Senior Assistant Commissioner II.

This police special counter terrorist team have a hand in deep operation some series tackle terrorism within Malaysia, about is involved in military operation with Malaysian Army 22nd Commando Regiment Grup Gerak Khas beated Al-Ma'unah terrorist organisation have just been shaped in Bukit Jenalik, Sauk, Perak. Besides, the team comply make fragrant RMP name with the participation generalization United Nations in Timor Leste and search and rescued 700 officer and members of Indonesian National Police BRIMOB (Brigade Mobil) that is lost and trapped during tsunami incident in Acheh, Indonesia end of the year 2005. This team also cooperate with Criminal Investigation Division to fight against dangerous crimes, among excellent reputation PGK is success beat criminal gang dangerous M16 which comprise from some perpetrators well-born Chinese including his group leader make ex-serviceman of Singapore, deceased group leader Gang 13 named Mat Komando with several more different operations. Slogan for VAT 69 is WARISAN DARAH PERWIRA (In English language: HEROIC BLOOD OF HERITAGE), while UTK is TANGKAS MEMBANTERAS GANAS (meaning: FAST COUNTER TEROR).

Unit Selam Tempur
Unit Selam Tempur (In English language: Police Combat Diving Unit) make a unit newly constituted that maritime anti-terrorist in the year 2006 and fully operational by end of the year 2007 get special training from the United States after realising how necessary a special unit deep marine look after national waters from any incident could destroyed the economy sector nor national defence. Unit those placed under formation Marine Police Branch that based in Marine Police Base at Kampung Aceh, Sitiawan, Perak and Lahad Datu, Sabah this big role in handle pirate threat, apart from robbery, kidnapping and seizure ship and terrorist attack in the nation's waters. Team whose originally strength 30 special force members this trained by instructors from US Navy SEALs in Langkawi and Kota Kinabalu and provide with special weaponry as Glock 19, MP5-Navy and Colt M4A1 (possibly supported by the United States) this practise up-to-date maritime anti-terrorist tactics which practised by the units of United States Navy commandos.

Side many there were some media including and also society regard why this team train by foreign party and untaught by elite force from Malaysian Armed Forces branches, especially RMN by PASKAL, instead yet it also is prize to the bilateral relationships between the Malaysia-United States government.

Federal Reserve Unit

Federal Reserve Units (Malay Language: Pasukan Simpanan Persekutuan) or better known with abbreviation FRU is a team take action in dispersing riot anything or illegal assembly that happens in Malaysia. Established in 5 December 1955, 3 troops in the early his establishment. FRU involved with in some series operation menangai riot with profile high, included the operation handle racial riot on 13th of May 1969 and get involved in integrated operation catch Ibrahim Libya in Memali Incident in Baling, Kedah ended with 16 deaths including Ibrahim and 3 police officers.

C4-i Implementations System

C4-i Implementations System (abbreviation for Command, Control, Communications, Computer-Integrated) make unit based at Police Control Centre in all police contingent in Malaysia. This unit assigned to do monitoring of city and country supply duties crimes prevention. This unit first time established in Bukit Aman and Kuala Lumpur is first contingent own this system. This unit equipped with the CCTV partner system in the city and monitored by Contingent Control Centre and C4-i's system purport a laptop partner to each patrol car, which operates. In case happened crime scene where which location, Contingent Control Centre would channel this crime information to each patrol car, patrol unit and crime prevention units operate to act. C-4i also taking role and become major direction to established it Rakan Cops in the year 2006 to cement with the community cooperation of the police. Revenue from this establishment, crime scene in major towns lesser first and this give positive many implications on society be C4-i's implementation and Rakan Cops.

Horseback Units

Traffic Branch

Marine Police Branch

Malaysian Control Centre

Royal Malaysian Police Air Wing Unit

Internal Security Department and Public Order lead by Police Commissioner (CP).

Special Branch

This department is responsible investigation wing to collect investigative for national security. Among others his role is collect security intelligence relating with the threat from internally and outside the country, subversive any activity and sabotage by extremist groups or individual whose could threaten national stability. Further with get, process, evaluate and peddling information and advise to departments in and outside the team, and organizations those concerning. This department fall into several branch as:- Technical Inteligen, Social Inteligen, Outside Inteligen, Inteligen Politics, Inteligen Economy And Inteligen Security.

Special Branch is lead by Police Commissioner (CP).

Investigation Department of Commercial Crimes

This department main function are undertaking investigation, catch, and claimed white collar criminal committing the offence fraud, criminal breach of trust, cybercrime forgery etc more samada stated activity make by individual or by syndicate.

This department vision is to be a unit's investigation efficient, viable compete and proactive from the aspect prevent all forms spread commercial crime in the country.

Among objective of the division have been lined by the top leadership is:

  1. Handle commercial crime all forms and sensitive for changing environment can create commercial new formed crime.
  2. Expedite the investigation and produce quality of investigation with quality for purpose prosecute the offender in court and also imposed action under preventive laws.
  3. Collect any amount much of the data over commercial crime offence now. Data studied closely from the aspect trend, mood operandi and form (syndicate or non syndicate) offence as relating after data processed, it in it form become piece of information can help in investigation completion.
  4. Ensure investigation permitivity by use all human resources expertise that particular by optimal

Investigation Department of Commercial Crimes led by Police Commissioner (CP).

List of Department's Directors

|- bgcolor=#aacccc | Directors of Departments |} ! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Departments ! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Rank ! style="text-align: left; background: #aacccc;"|Name of Directors |---- | Management Department | Police Commissioner | Dato' Abd Razak Bukhari |---- | Logistics Department | Police Commissioner | Dato' Mashuri Zainal |---- | Criminal Investigation Department | Police Commissioner | Dato' Mohd Bakri Mohd Zinin |---- | Narcotics Criminal Invesitgation Division | Police Commissioner | Dato' Zul Hasnan Najib Baharuddin |---- | Internal Security Department and Public Order | Police Commissioner | Dato' Hussin Haji Ismail |---- | Special Branch | Police Commissioner | Dato' Seri Ramli Shaari |---- | Investigation Department of Commercial Crimes | Police Commissioner | Dato' Koh Hung Sun |}

Police chiefs

Federated Malay States Police (1896-1942)
1896 - ? Capt. H. C. Syers (Commissioner of Police)
? - 1909 H. L. Talbot
? - ? ?
? - 1942 E. Bagot
Japanese occupation (1942-1945)
Civil Affairs Police Force (1945-1946)
1945 - 1946 H. B. Longworthy (Commissioner of Police)
Malayan Union Police Force (1946-1948)
1946 - 1948 H. B. Longworthy (Commissioner of Police)
Federation of Malaya Police Force (1948-1958)
1948 - 1952 Nieol Gray (Commissioner of Police)
1952 - 1953 Col. Arthur E. Young
1953 - 1958 Sir William L. R. Carbonell
Royal Federation of Malaya Police (1958-1963) & Royal Malaysian Police (1963 onwards)
1958 - 1966 Sir Claude H. Fenner (Commissioner of Police)
1966 - 1973 Tun Mohd Salleh Ismail
1973 - 1974 Tan Sri Abdul Rahman Hashim
1974 - 1994 Tun Mohammed Hanif Omar (Inspector-General of Police)
1994 - 1999 Tan Sri Abdul Rahim Mohd Noor
1999 - 2003 Tan Sri Norian Mai
2003 - 2006 Tan Sri Mohd Bakri Omar
2006 - present Tan Sri Musa Hassan

Police ranks

Senior Officers
Gazetted Officers Commissioners Inspector-General of Police (IGP)
Deputy Inspector-General of Police (DIGP)
Commissioner of Police (CP)
Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP)
Senior Assistant Commissioner of Police I (SAC I)
Senior Assistant Commissioner of Police II (SAC II)
Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP)
Superintendents Superintendent of Police (SP)
Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP)
Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP)
Non-gazetted Officers Inspectors Chief Inspector (C/Insp)
Inspector (Insp)
Probationary Inspector (P/Insp)
Junior Officers
Subordinate Officers Sub-Inspector (SI)
Sergeant Major (SM)
Sergeant (Sgt)
Corporal (Cpl)
Lance Corporal (L/Cpl)
Constable (PC)

Low rank of police officers apart from sub-inspectors wear their rank insignia on the right sleeve of their uniforms. Sub-inspectors and higher ranks wear their rank insignia on epaulettes on both shoulders.

Police fleet

Equipment

Major Cases and Incidents

Al-Mau'nah Arms Heist On 2 July 2000 on an outpost and a camp manned by members of Bn 304 of Rejimen Askar Wataniah was involved in an arms heist by the Al-Mau'nah militant group. In the small hours of the morning, 21 members of the militant group visited the outpost and camp of Bn 304 Rejimen Askar Wataniah under the guise of a surprise inspection and relieved the soldiers' weapons or carted away weapons from the armoury. They took away a huge cache of firearms and ammunition, including 97 M16 assault rifles, four GPMGs, five grenade launchers, 9,095 rounds of 5.56 mm and 60 rounds of 40 mm ammunition. The group was later cornered in the village of Sauk, Perak and involved in a stand-off the Malaysian Army and Royal Malaysian Police forces. The Malaysian Special Forces threw a containment cordon of Bukit Jenalik Tpr Matthew anak Medan from 21 Commando was murdered by this militant group and awarded Pahlawan Gagah Berani. The leader and militant group surrendered to the Malaysian Special Forces than latter handed over to the police.

The Al-Mau'nah group later surrendered, and the leaders brought to trial for "waging war upon the King". Mohamed Amin Mohamed Razali and his group were brought to trial for charges of "waging war against the King", and became the first people convicted of such charges in Malaysia. Mohamed Amin Mohamed Razali and his two lieutenants, Zahit Muslim and Jamaluddin Darus, were sentenced to death. Sixteen others were given life sentences. A police personnel Detective Korporal Sanghadevan was murdered during the incident. Asisten Superintendan Polis Abdul Razak Mohd. Yusof was awarded the Seri Pahlawan Gagah Perkasa for his role resolving the stand-off.Memali Incident The Memali Incident occurred in the remote village of Memali, Baling in the Malaysian state of Kedah on 19 November 1985. A task force of 200 policemen under orders from the Acting Prime Minister and Home Minister Musa Hitam laid siege to kampung (village) houses in Memali, near Baling in Kedah. The houses were occupied by an Islamic sect of about 400 people led by Ibrahim Mahmud a.k.a. Ibrahim Libya.Bukit Kepong Incident The Bukit Kepong Incident was an armed encounter which took place on the February 23, 1950 between the police and the Malayan Communists during pre-independence Malaya. This conflict took place in an area surrounding the Bukit Kepong police station in Bukit Kepong, a wooden station located on the banks of the Muar River, about 59km from Muar town, Johor.

Controversy

The Royal Malaysian Police has been accused of misuse of power and exercising excessive power. See:

Police brutality

There were continued reports of excessive use of force by police officers during peaceful demonstrations. In March and May 2007 police armed with shields violently dispersed a series of peaceful protests in Kuala Lumpur against fuel prices, with batons and water cannon. Several people were reported seriously injured and dozens arrested. All were subsequently released.

There was still concern over the effectiveness of safeguards to ensure the safety and well being of detainees in police custody. At least five people, including one woman, died in custody during 2007.

Wanted Lists & Rewards

Although Wanted Lists are already in existence, there is a public feeling that they could be used more extensively to both solve and deter crime. Apart from being placed more prominently both inside and outside police stations, they could be placed in all post offices, local and long-distance bus terminuses, taxi terminuses, airport waiting lounges, outside public lavatories, government and private hospitals and clinics, government and private schools, public park entrances, shopping malls, public phone kiosks, etc. These should be updated at least on a quarterly basis. Special Wanted Lists with greater detail than those on posters could be given to bus drivers and conductors, bus ticket sales counter staff, retail travel agents, toll booth staff, domestic airline cabin crew, supermarket checkout staff, petrol station staff, hotel and restaurant staff, canteen drinks stall staff, shopping mall reception and security staff, public attraction staff, private security firm staff, etc who could act as additional eyes and ears for the police. Larger financial incentives should be advertised as being offered to those helping police with their investigations.

Royal Malaysian Police in popular culture

Television

Films

Daily Life

  • Highway patrol
  • Private propeties - Uniformed police officers on duty are likely to hint property owner to "obey the law" in order to receive "protection" by police.

Historical secret police organizations

Complaints Commission

Non-governmental organizations continued to press the government to create an Independent Police Complaints and Misconduct Commission (IPCMC). In 2005 a Royal Commission of Inquiry into the police had recommended a wide range of reforms, including the establishment of an IPCMC by May 2006. Draft legislation to establish an IPCMC remained under consideration by the Attorney General at the end of the year. A range of other reform recommendations, including repeal or review of laws allowing for detention without trial or requiring police permits for public assemblies, were not implemented.

Proposed Decentralisation and Federal Police Bureau

Due to heavy public criticism of lack of police professionalism including in incidents of high profile murder cases and in the inability to deter crime, there have been some proposals for reform and restructuring of the Royal Malaysian Police. Some have suggested restructuring along U.S. lines with State police forces and a Federal Police Bureau similar to the FBI. In Johor for example there could be a Johor State Police set up and in Pahang there could be a Pahang State Police. The police force in the Federal Territory of Labuan could simply be "Labuan Police", whilst the police force in the capital could be "KL City Police". Since there would be the need for cross-state pursuit, this could be handled by the "Highway Police" who would cross state lines although there could also be provisions for State Police to cross state lines in hot pursuit. There should of course still remain a degree of integration and co-operation between each State police force. Another suggestion is the word "Royal" be dropped not only because members of Malaysian royal families are not keen to be associated with the incompetence or lack of professionalism of some members of the police force but because the adjective detracts or is non-descriptive of the role, duties and responsibilities of the police in Malaysia. The police in any case are answerable to the public rather than to any of the royal families. The most important issue might be who polices the police and efforts to hold errant members of the police force to account. Each force could have a Police Complaints Bureau and an Accountability Committee with lay members, which might include lawyers, ex-lawyers and ex-judges.

See also

External links

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