Fleury-sur-Orne is a commune in the Calvados department in the Basse-Normandie region in northern France.
Fleury-sur-Orne has 4,250 inhabitants. Fleury-sur-Orne, forms part of outlying Greater Caen, composed of 18 communes and 198,023 inhabitants.
Until 1916 Fleury-sur-Orne was known as Allemagne (Calvados)
after the Alamanni
tribe which once guarded the ford across the Orne
. During the First World War
this name, meaning in French Germany
, became inconvenient and embarrassing for the inhabitants (unlike those of Allemagne-en-Provence
in Southern France). The Town council therefore decided on August 23
, 1916, to change the name and to call it Fleury-sur-Orne in memory of the commune of Fleury-devant-Douaumont
, a commune of the Meuse
(in 1914: 422 inhabitants, school, church, town hall, 13 tradesmen, 10 landholding farmers), which was destroyed in 1916.
The massacre of the Athis fort
In 1047, Duke William of Normandy
(later William the Conqueror), helped by Henry I
, king of France, put an end to a revolt of Norman barons at the Battle of Val-ès-Dunes
, close to the villages of Chicheboville
. Little is known about this battle, but it seems to be have been a purely cavalry contest, with neither infantry nor archers playing a significant role.
After a series of disorderly cavalry skirmishes, the rebellious barons fled. They were slaughtered as they tried to cross the Orne, at the Athis fort close to Fleury-sur-Orne. Carried downstream en masse, the bodies of the massacred knights blocked the mill of Barbillon on the level of current Ile Enchantée.
The victory allowed William to remain Duke of Normandy, thus setting the stage for his later brilliant battles and statecraft.