The Andean Cock-of-the-rock
, Rupicola peruviana
, is a medium-sized, approximately 32cm (12½ in) long, passerine
with a large disk-like crest and scarlet or brilliant orange plumage. It has black tail and wings, and pale grey scapulars
. The female is significantly darker and browner than the male and has a shorter crest.
One of the two species in the genus Rupicola, the Andean Cock-of-the-rock is distributed in Andean cloud forests in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. The diet consists mainly of fruits. The male is polygamous and displays in communal leks. The females build shallow nests with mud and plant material on the walls of rocks, hence the common name.
The Andean Cock-of-the-rock is the national bird of Peru.
Widespread throughout humid Andean forests, the Andean Cock-of-the-rock is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
- Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern