, the term field goal
is a basket scored on any shot or tap other than a free throw
, worth two or three points depending on the distance of the attempt from the basket. "Field Goal" is the official terminology used by the National Basketball Association
(NBA) in their rule book, their box scores and statistics, and in referees' rulings. The same term is also the official wording used by the National Collegiate Athletic Association
(NCAA) and high school basketball
The most crowd-pleasing of all field goals is called a slam dunk. This occurs when a player jumps near the basket with possession of the ball, throwing the ball down through the basket while airborne. One of the greatest field-goal shooters of all time is Michael Jordan, who led the NBA with 10 scoring titles. Wilt Chamberlain has the record for most seasons with the highest field goal percentage (9), and Artis Gilmore has the record for highest career field goal percentage (.599).