Ferula (from Latin ferula, "rod") is a genus of about 170 species of flowering plants in the family Apiaceae, native to the Mediterranean region east to central Asia, mostly growing in arid climates. They are herbaceous perennial plants growing to 1–4 m tall, with stout, hollow, somewhat succulent stems. The leaves are tripinnate or even more finely divided, with a stout basal sheath clasping the stem. The flowers are yellow, produced in large umbels. Many plants of this genus, especially F. communis are referred to as "giant fennel," although they are not fennel in the strict sense.
The Romans called the hollow light rod made from this plant a ferula (compare also fasces, judicial birches). Such rods were used for walking sticks, splints, for stirring boiling liquids, and for corporal punishment.
Women in Central Asia as well as a small number in the Appalachian mountains of North Carolina use these to induce abortion in first trimester.
Umbelliprenin from Ferula szowitsiana inhibits the growth of human M4Beu metastatic pigmented malignant melanoma cells through cell-cycle arrest in G1 and induction of caspase-dependent apoptosis.
Jan 01, 2008; Abstract Metastatic malignant melanoma have a bad prognosis (median survival: 6-8 months) mainly due to the development of lung,...
WIPO ASSIGNS PATENT FOR "ASSEMBLY OF AN ORTHOPAEDIC FERULA AND SOFT MEANS SUITABLE FOR MAINTAINING A HUMAN LEG IN HORIZONTAL POSITION" (ITALIAN INVENTOR)
Nov 11, 2010; GENEVA, Nov. 15 -- Publication No. WO/2010/127822 was published on Nov. 11. Title of the invention: "ASSEMBLY OF AN ORTHOPAEDIC...