- 19 May
) was an Italian Cistercian
monk and church historian.
He was born in Florence
. He entered the Cistercian
Order and was sent to the Gregorian University
, where he studied under the Jesuits Francesco Piccolomini
and John de Lugo
He filled many important posts in his order, being Abbot of Badia a Settimo
near Florence, and, from 1638, Abbot of Tre Fontane
in Rome. He was skilled in ecclesiastical history. To encourage him in this work and to defray the expense of the journeys it entailed, Pope Alexander VII
granted him an annual pension of 500 scudi
. He was a consultor
of the Index Librorum Prohibitorum
and theologian to Cardinal Carlo de' Medici; he was frequently offered the episcopal dignity, which he refused. He was buried in his abbatial church.
His chief work is Italia sacra sive de episcopis Italae
(9 vols, 1643-1662), re-edited with corrections and additions by Nicola Coleti (1717-1722), with a tenth volume. In compiling this work, he frequently had to deal with matters not previously treated by historians; as a result, the Italia sacra
, owing to the imperfections of historical science in Ughelli's day, especially from the point of view of criticism and diplomatics, contains serious errors, particularly as the author was more intent on collecting than on weighing documents. Nevertheless his work with all its imperfections was necessary to facilitate the labours of critical historians of a later day, and is consulted even now. In the last volume of the Italia sacra
he published various historical sources until then unedited.
Among his other writings are:
- Cardinalium elogia ex sacro ordine cisterciensi (1624): elogies on the writers and saints of his order and the papal privileges granted to it;
- Columnensis familiae cardinalium imagines (1650): vitae of the Cardinal from the Colonna family.
- genealogical works on the Counts of Marsciano (1667) and the Capizucchi (1653);
- Aggiunte ("additions") to the Vitae et res gestae pontificum by Ciaconius (Alphonso Ciaconio).
Sources and references