The MOS Technology "Agnus"
, usually called Agnus
is an integrated circuit
in the custom chipset
of the Commodore Amiga
computer. The Agnus
and Paula chips collectively formed the OCS
The Agnus is the Address Generator Chip. Its main function, in chip area, is the RAM
Address Generator and Register Address Encoder which all DMA
The 8361 Agnus is made up of approximately 21000 transistors
and contains DMA Channel Controllers. The Blitter
are also contained here.
- The Blitter, a Bitmap image manipulator. The Blitter is capable of copying blocks of display data, or any arbitrary data in the on-board memory, at high speed with various raster operations as well as drawing pixel perfect lines and filling outlined polygons, while freeing the CPU for concurrent tasks.
- "Copper" a display synchronized co-processor.
- 25 Direct Memory Access (DMA) channels, allowing graphics, sound and I/O to be used with minimal CPU intervention.
- DRAM refresh controller.
- Memory controller (Memory that can be accessed by the processor and the chipset)
- Generates the system clock from the 28 MHz oscillator
- Video timing.
Agnus was replaced by Alice in the Amiga 4000 and Amiga 1200 when the AGA chipset was introduced in 1992.
Chips by capability
- Agnus which can address up to 512 KB of Chip RAM
- Agnus which can address up to 1 MB of Chip RAM
- Agnus which can address up to 2 MB of Chip RAM
* Somewhere 8372A Agnus mentioned as simply "8372".
Chips by package
- 48-lead DIP Agnus (aka thin Agnus): 8361; 8367
- 84-contact PLCC Fat Agnus (sometimes on the motherboard named as Fat Lady) 8370; 8371; 3872; 8372A; 8372AB; 8372B; 8375
Fat Agnus 1MB and Fat Agnus 2MB usually known as Super Agnus; Super Fat Agnus; Fatter Agnus; Big Agnus; Big Fat Agnus; Super Fat Agnus, but these aren't official names.