The PFSh was a branch of the Italian National Fascist Party (PNF) with Benito Mussolini at its head and organized along the same lines and principles, and with its own paramilitary Black Shirts. It was never a mass movement, with membership reported at 13,500 in May 1940; however, during the PFSh's time in power, it did realize the vision of Greater Albania, expanding the borders of Albania into modern-day Epirus and Kosovo. It also engaged in some anti-semitism, with Albanian Jews forbidden from joining the party (though Muslims were allowed to join), and therefore excluded from some professions such as education; future communist leader Enver Hoxha also lost his job as a teacher for refusing to join the PFSh.
The party was founded by Tefik Mborja, an Albanian collaborator and friend to Italy's foreign minister, Count Ciano. In early 1943, Maliq Bej Bushati, an anti-monarchist nationalist, reorganized the PFSh as the Guard of Great Albania and worked to distance Albania from Italy, striking fascist symbols from the flag (two fasces, one on each side of the Albanian eagle) and asserting Albanian autonomy in many spheres. However, the Italian surrender led to the country's occupation by Nazi Germany and changed the political situation in the country.
Upon the German takeover, SD leader Ernst Kaltenbrunner reorganized the Guard of Great Albania into the Albanian Nazi Party, which had formal control of Albania. German control over Albania was looser than in other territories; the Albanian Nazi government did not expand systematic persecution of Jews to deportation or killings. Albanian volunteers did, however, form an SS division, the 21st Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Skanderbeg (1st Albanian).
After the fall of the Third Reich, Albania descended into civil war; some members of the Albanian Nazi Party fought against the communists both in Albania and in Kosovo, with the last of these reported to have ceased fighting in 1951.
Ministers Secretaries of the Albanian Fascist Party
Ministers Secretaries of the Guard of Great Albania
The case of the Brisbane Fascio: the transnational politics of the Italian fascist party.(Brisbane, Australia)(Essay)
Jun 01, 2009; Eva Ostergaard-Nielsen (2003: 762) includes in her definition of 'political transnational practices' migrant groups' 'various...
Beware of Greeks Bearing Hatred towards All Minorities ; the Neo-Fascist Party Is Growing in Popularity among Disaffected Citizens
Aug 13, 2013; A report in these columns in July that an Italian senator had referred to the black Italian minister for integration as an...