The University has a total of eight campuses: six in Victoria, Australia (Clayton, Caulfield, Berwick, Peninsula, Parkville and Gippsland), one in Malaysia and one in South Africa. The university also has a centre in Prato, Italy.
Monash University is a member of the prestigious "Group of Eight", a group composed of some of the most research-intensive universities in Australia. It was recently ranked by The Times Higher Education Supplement (THES) at number 43 in its annual ranking of the world's top 200 universities for 2007. It is one of only three post World War II universities in the world's top 50. With 11 universities in Victoria, Monash attracts 33% of the top 5% of students from Victorian schools. For the past two years, it has been the most popular university among Victorian university applicants.
Monash University won over $50 million in National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) grants in 2007. Monash researchers also dominate the NHMRC Awards, winning a quarter of all prizes in 2007. It is home to the Monash Science Technology Research and Innovation Precinct (STRIP), the Australian Stem Cell Centre, 100 research centres and 17 co-operative research centres.
The university is named after the prominent Australian general Sir John Monash. One of his most well known statements is inscribed along a walkway between the Robert Blackwood Hall and Performing Arts Centre at the Clayton campus: Adopt as your fundamental creed that you will equip yourself for life, not solely for your own benefit, but for the benefit of the whole community.
The original campus was in the south-eastern Melbourne suburb of Clayton (falling in what is now the City of Monash). The first University Council, led by Monash's first Chancellor Robert Blackwood, selected Sir Louis Matheson, to be the first Vice-Chancellor of Monash University, a position he held until 1976. The University was granted an expansive site of 100 hectares of open land in Clayton.
From its first intake of 347 students at Clayton on 13 March 1961, the university grew rapidly in size and student numbers so that by 1967, it had enrolled more than 21,000 students since its establishment. In its early years, it offered undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in engineering, medicine, science, arts, economics and politics, education and law. It was a major provider for international student places under the Colombo Plan, which saw the first Asian students enter the Australian education system.
In its early years of teaching, research and administration, Monash had the advantage of no entrenched traditional practices. This enabled it to adopt modern approaches without resistance from those who preferred the status quo. A modern administrative structure was set up, Australia's first research centres and scholarships devoted to Indigenous Australians were established, and, thanks to Monash's entirely new facilities, students in wheelchairs were able to enrol.
In the late 1970s and 1980s, Monash's most publicised research came through its pioneering of in-vitro fertilisation (IVF). Led by Professors Carl Wood and Alan Trounson, the Monash IVF Program achieved the world's first clinical IVF pregnancy in 1973. In 1980, they delivered the first IVF baby in Australia. This eventually became a massive source of revenue for the University at a time when university funding in Australia was beginning to slow down.
In the late 1980s, the Dawkins Reforms changed the landscape of higher education in Australia. Under the leadership of Vice-Chancellor Mal Logan, Monash transformed dramatically. In 1988, Monash University had only one campus, Clayton, with around 15, 000 students. Just over a decade later, it had 8 campuses (including 2 overseas), a European research and teaching centre, and more than 50,000 students, making it the largest and most internationalised Australian university.
In 1998, the University opened the Malaysia campus, its first overseas campus and the first foreign university in Malaysia. In 2001, Monash South Africa in opened its doors in Johannesburg, making Monash the first foreign university in South Africa. The same year, the University secured an 18th Century Tuscan Palace to open a research and teaching centre in Prato, Italy.
At the same time, Australian universities faced unprecedented demand for international student places, which Monash met on a larger scale than most, to the point that today around 30% of its students are from outside Australia. Today, Monash students come from over 100 different countries, and speak over 90 different languages. The increase in international students, combined with its expansion, meant that Monash's income skyrocketed throughout the 1990s, and it is now one of Australia's top 200 exporters.
On October 21, 2002 Huan Yun "Allen" Xiang shot two people dead and injured five others on the Clayton campus.
The current Vice-Chancellor of Monash University is Professor Richard Larkins (since September 2003). Professor Larkins has been appointed as chair of Universities Australia, effective 2008. On May 30, 2008, Monash University celebrated its 50th Anniversary.
The Clayton campus covers an area over 1.1 km² and is the largest of the Monash campuses. Clayton is the flagship campus for Monash, demanding higher ENTER scores than all the other campuses, with the exception of Parkville. Clayton is home to the faculties of Arts, Business & Economics, Education, Engineering, IT, Law, Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences and Science.
In 2001, the State Government of Victoria decided to build the first Australian synchrotron adjoining the campus. The Australian Synchrotron opened in July 2007 and creates beam light to make it capable to view matter at the molecular level. Monash University contributed $5M towards the $220M cost of the synchrotron as a member of the funding partnership for the initial suite of beamlines. The campus is also home to a number of halls of residence, colleges and other on-campus accommodation that house several thousand students.
The Clayton campus has its own suburb and postcode (3800).
The campus is also adjacent to Mannix College, a residential college affiliated with Monash University.
The Caulfield campus is Monash University's second largest campus. Its multifaceted nature is reflected in the range of programs it offers through the faculties of Arts, Art & Design, Business & Economics, Information Technology and Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences. A major building program has been announced, to expand teaching facilities, provide student accommodation and redevelop the shopping centre.
The Gippsland campus is home to 2,000 on-campus students, 5,000 off-campus students and nearly 400 staff. The campus sits in the Latrobe Valley town of Churchill, 142km east of Melbourne on 63 hectares of landscaped grounds. It is the only non-metropolitan campus of Monash University. The campus offers many undergraduate degrees, and attracts many students from the Latrobe Valley, East and West Gippsland. The Gippsland Medical School, offering postgraduate entry Bachelor of Medicine / Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) courses was officially opened by the Federal Minister for Health and Ageing, Nicola Roxon in June 2008, providing students with a unique opportunity to learn medicine in a rural setting working with rural practitioners.
The Parkville campus is situated in the Melbourne suburb of Parkville, around 2km north of the Melbourne CBD on Royal Parade. The campus is the home of the Faculty of Pharmacy and Phamaceutical Sciences. The faculty has a reputation for innovation, particularly in the areas of formulation science and medicinal chemistry and offers the Bachelor of Pharmacy and Bachelor of Pharmaceutical Science undergraduate degrees, the latter replacing the Bachelor of Formulation Science in 2007 and the Bachelor of Medicinal Chemistry in 2008. Double degrees are also offered including the Bachelor of Pharmacy/Commerce with the Business and Economics faculty at Clayton, and also the Bachelor of Engineering/Pharmaceutical Science with the Engineering faculty. It also offers postgraduate degrees.
The Peninsula campus has a teaching and research focus on health and wellbeing, and is a hub of undergraduate and postgraduates studies in Nursing, Health Science, Physiotherapy and Psychology - and particularly in Emergency Health (Paramedic) courses. The campus is located in the bayside suburb of Frankston on the edge of Melbourne. Peninsula campus also offers a range of courses including those from its historic roots with early childhood and primary education (during the 1960s and 1970's the campus was the State Teacher's College), and Business & Economics (since the merger of the State Teacher's College with the Caulfield Institute of Technology to create the Chisholm Institute of Technology in 1982). The campus was also home to the Peninsula School of Information Technology, which in 2006 was wound back with Information Technology units previously offered being relocated to the Caulfield campus.
Monash South Africa is situated on the western outskirts of Johannesburg, and opened its doors in 2001. The campus is expanding, with student numbers growing at 35% per year and expected to be 2,400 in 2008. A new learning commons opened in 2007 and in early 2008, new housing will mean the campus will be able to provide secure on-campus accommodation for 1,000 students. The campus offers undergraduate courses from the faculties of business and economics, arts and IT.
The Monash University Prato Centre is located in the 18th Century Palace, Palazzo Vaj, in the historic centre of Prato, a city near Florence in Italy. Primarily, it hosts students from Monash's other campuses for semesters in Law, Art and Design, History, Music, as well as various international conferences. It was officially opened in 2001 as part of the University's vigorous internationalisation policy. It is now the largest Australian academic institution of its kind in Europe.
As a wholly-owned subsidiary of Monash University, Monash University English Language Centre (MUELC) is an educational organisation providing students with an alternative pathway to Monash College and Monash University courses.
Stand-alone, interdisciplinary research centres, which are not located within one faculty, include:
For each discipline, Monash University was ranked:
|Arts & Humanities||4||38||4||35|
|Business & Economics||5||39||4||34|
.* R1 refers to Australian and overseas Academics' rankings in tables 3.1 -3.7 of the report. R2 refers to the Articles and Research rankings in tables 5.1 - 5.7 of the report. No. refers to the number of institutions in the table against which Monash is compared.
The following publications ranked universities worldwide. Monash University ranked:
|Times Higher Education Supplement||34.7||33||33||38||43|
|Shanghai Jiao Tong University||152-200||202-300||203-300||201-300||201-300|
|Financial Times MBA rank|
|Economist Intelligence Unit's MBA rank||46||49||43|
Monash has a long list of alumni who have become prominent in a wide range of areas. 1100 Monash graduates (or 8.33% of the total) are listed among the 13,200 biographies of Australia's most notable individuals in the 2008 edition of Who's Who in Australia.
Monash graduates who are currently leaders in their fields include the Governor of Victoria, the Chief Justice of Victoria, the Treasurer of Victoria, the Australian Cardinal of the Catholic Church, the Australian Minister for Trade, the Chief Judge of the County Court of Victoria, the Chief Magistrate of Victoria, the Coroner of Victoria, the Chief Justice of the Family Court of Australia, the Chief Justice of Norfolk Island, the Australian of the Year, several Australian Living Treasures, the Chairman of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), the Chairman of the Singapore Economic Development Board, the Chairman of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC), numerous Government Ministers throughout Australia and overseas, Ambassadors to the United Nations, prominent entrepreneurs, economists, public servants, diplomats, film producers (including this year's only Australian winner of an Academy Award), artists (including winners of the Dobell Prize), actors, playwrights (including winners of AWGIE Awards), novelists (including winners of the Booker Prize and the Miles Franklin Award), journalists, musicians (including winners of ARIA Awards and the Grand Prix du Disque), mayors, philanthropists, scientists, surgeons and sportspeople (including Olympic Games Gold medallists).
The Chancellor is chair of the University Council and provides advice to the Vice-Chancellor, but serves primarily as the ceremonial figurehead.
The following residences are based at the Clayton Campus:
|South East Flats|
Facilities in are diverse and vary in services offered. Information on residential services at Monash University, including on-campus (MRS managed) and off-campus, can be found at http://www.mrs.monash.edu.au/.
Other notable student organisations include: