Timeline of the Faroe Islands
This is a timeline
of key events in the history of the Faroe Islands
- about 625 - Irish monks begin to settle in the Faroes. They are the first people there. In earlier historical studies, it was assumed, that they came around 725. After botanical researches it had to be dated back to 675, and today Faroese scientists believe, that oats have been cultivated on the Faroes since about 625, for example in Mykines.
- about 795 - Irish monks reach Iceland. It is suggested, that they came from the Faroes after banished by the Vikings. Diucil refers to it 825, but maybe some of the monks stayed in the Faroes.
- about 825 - Grímur Kamban is said to be the first Norse settler in the Faroes at the place, which is named Funningur (the find).
- about 885-890 - Second wave of immigration to the Faroes under king Harald Hårfagre of Norway. Most of the settlers come from western Norway, but also many from Ireland and Scotland.
- around 1300 - Beginning of the Saint Magnus Cathedral in Kirkjubøur. It was never finished, but is still the main historical building of the country.
- 1302 - The prohibition against the Hanseatic League is renewed by Norway.
- around 1303 - Bishop Erlendur is forced to leave the Faroes.
- around 1349 - The Black Death reaches the Faroes - a third of the population (estimated at least 1000 of 3000) dies.
- 1350 - The Dog Letter (Hundabrævið) becomes law.
- 1361 - The Hanseatic trade is legalized under the same conditions as of the business people from Bergen.
- 1397 - Within the Kalmar Union, the Faroes remain under Norway's rule.
- around 1400 - The Althing is renamed into Løgting. This name is still in use today.
- around 1447 - Attempts by the bishop Goswin of Iceland, to get the Faroes under his diocese, fail.
- 1490 - Dutch tradesmen get the same privileges in the Faroe business as the Hanseatic League.
- 1816 - The Parliament is discarded.
- 1852 - The Parliament is re-established.
- 1888 - The Christmas meeting (Jólafundurin), the start of a cultural movement and indirectly the start of modern Faroese politics.