Faridabad, (फरीदाबाद) is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. It is a major industrial city and population centre. The city was founded in 1607 by Shaikh Farid, treasurer of Jahangir, with the object of protecting the highway which passed through the town. He built a fort, a tank and a mosque which are now in ruins. It also had a sarai, a travelers' lodge, that served as a last stop for travelers to Delhi. Later, it became the headquarters of a pargana which was held in jagir by the Ballabgarh ruler. Faridabad became the 12th district of in Haryana on 15 August 1979.
Faridabad is now the most populated city of Haryana. 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana, is from Faridabad and Gurgaon. The Tribune. .
Faridabad is famous for Henna Production on agriculture sector while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes and tyres are other famous industrial products of the city.
For the purposes of civil administration, Faridabad District is divided into five sub divisions, viz., Faridabad, Ballabgarh, Palwal, Hodal and Hathin. Each subdivision is headed by a sub-divisional officer.
To know more about Faridabad, visit www.FaridabadYellowPages.com
The City is located on the plains of river Yamuna. It is bordered by the Yamuna to the east and Aravalli Hills towards the west and southwest. Today, virtually all of the land has been developed with residential housing as the population of the city swelled during the mid 90s.
Much like the rest of India, the people of Faridabad rely on ground water for their basic needs which is the gift of good monsoon season.
People of Faridabad share different ethnicities depending on when they or their ancestors moved to the area. Old Faridabad, as the northern and oldest part of the city is known, is home to people whose families might have been living in the area for centuries. The ancestry of people is mostly baniya ,Jat, Gujars and people from the state of Uttar Pradesh and villages in Haryana.
The western part of the city is called New Industrial Town (abbreviated as NIT). It was built after 1947 for the people who were relocating in India from Pakistan after the Partition. Thus most of the people here share their ancestry with modern day Pakistan's regions of Dera Ismail Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bannu, and Kohat.
The main communities are: like JATS .The Jat people are one of the most prosperous groups in the region. JATS holds the major agriculture land in the region and enjoys being the most powerful group in the region.
The rapid growth of the city also brought immigrants to the city from other parts of the country. People from Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Delhi, Bengal. It is said that city was initially planned only for 300,000 people but the total population of the city is well over 2 million today.
The city comes alive during the Winter Navratras, especially during the Vijay Dashami/Dusshera day when scores of Maa Durga Idols leave for the immersion. Immersion is done at Okhla Barrage at the border of Delhi-UP. In all there are about 10-12 Durga Puja's held every year in the main city, district count easily surpassing 30. The hard working community has added to the considerable growth of the city. Many of them commute to nearby Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida, Ghaziabad.
People of Faridabad are very modern owing to an industrialized economy. A reflection of the modern day lifestyle can be seen. A Recent India-Today survey showed that people here are among top ten buyers of health care and beauty products in India.
Faridabad is a massive economic engine for Haryana. Faridabad and Gurgaon generate over 50% of the income tax to the Haryana government.
Govt operated fixed line/land line telephone connections privately operated, world class network of fixed line phones.
Apart from electronics means of communication, the city is well connected through the postal services as well. Government owned Indian Postal Service and privately owned postal services like DHL, FedEx, DTDC, Blue Dart etc. can be easily accessed.
The National Highway-2 (Delhi-Mathura Road) passes through the city, and thus it is well connected to nearby states. Roadways services of Haryana (Haryana Roadways) and neighbouring states like Delhi Transport Corporation, Uttar Pardesh Transport Department, Madhya Pradesh Transport Department, etc. are easily accessible.
Delhi Metro Rail is likely to cover the city by 2010 as proposed by the Government of Delhi.
Faridabad is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi and Palam Domestic Airport, New Delhi.
Schools: Modern Vidya Niketan, Apeejay Sr. Sec. School, Carmel Convent School, Central School No. 1, Central School, DAV Public School, Delhi Public School, Eicher School, G.D.Goenka world School, Govt. Girl's School, Geeta Convent School, Geeta Bal Niketan, Grand Columbus Public School, Homerton Grammar Pub. School, Jiva Public School, K.L.Mehta Dayanand Pub. School, Manav Rachna International School, Modern School, Pal Vanshikam Educational Centre, Rawal Public School,
St Albans School, St. John's School, St. Anthony School, St. Joseph's School, Sh.S.D.Sr.Sec.School, Vidhya Niketan, Vidhya Mandir Public School Vardhman School, Vidhya Niketan, B.N. Public School
K.L.M Dayanand College for Women,
Sarswati Mahila College
YMCA Instt.of Engineering,
B.S.Anangpuria Inst. of Tech & Mgt
Echolon Institute of Engineering,
Food Craft Institute,
DAV Institute of Management,
Govt. Polytechnic for Women,
Career Institute of Tech. & Management,
Manav Rachna College of Engineering,
Lingya's Inst of Tech & Mgt,
Al-Falah School of Engg & Tech.
Government Officer's Institutes/Training Centres:
Cement Research Institute,
National Institute of Finance Management (M/o Finance),
National Academy of Central Excise, Custom & Narcotics,
Power Engineers Training Institute,
Central Fertilizer Quality Control & Training Institute,
Regional Directorate of Apprentice & Training(RDAT),
Wireless Training Centre (Cabinet Secretarite),
Oriental Insurance Staff Training College