The Fajr-3 Artillery Rocket
is an Iranian multiple-launch artillery rocket
, a third-generation Katyusha
means 'dawn' in Persian
(borrowed from Arabic
The 5.2-metre long, 240 millimeter-calibre Fajr-3 artillery rocket has an estimated range of 45 kilometres or 25-30 miles, weighs 407 kilograms, and carries a 45-kilogram warhead.
Production started on March 1990 by Shahid Bagheri Industries with possible North Korean assistance when Iranian Defense Minister Akbar Torkan
announced that mass production of the Fajr-3 was taking place.
Mass production was completed with the few first Fajr-3s made on November 6, 1996.
Fajr-3 has the same caliber, range and warhead weight as three known North Korean systems. The 333-millimeter Fajr-5
rocket has a range of about 75–80 kilometres.
Some media has reported that Iran has tested a medium range ballistic missile called Fajr-3, but these may have been mistaken references to the Kosar missile.
Its launcher has 12 tubes .
The rockets are used by Iranian Army as a regular artillery. They may also have been supplied to the Hezbollah militia in Lebanon under the name Khaibar-1, They may therefore have been used on a number of occasions in the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict.
- Jane's Armour and Artillery, 2006-2007