Eudora

Eudora

[yoo-dawr-uh, -dohr-uh]
Welty, Eudora, 1909-2001, American author, b. Jackson, Miss., grad. Univ. of Wisconsin, 1929. One of the important American regional writers of the 20th cent. and one of the finest short-story writers of any time or place, Welty usually wrote about the inhabitants of rural Mississippi. Her characters are comic, eccentric, often grotesque, but nonetheless charming; their reality is augmented by Welty's fierce wit and her skill at capturing their dialect and speech patterns. Among her collections of short stories are A Curtain of Green (1941), The Wide Net (1943), and The Bride of Innisfallen (1955). Her collected stories were published in 1980, the same year she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. Welty's novels include Delta Wedding (1946), The Ponder Heart (1954; dramatized 1956), Losing Battles (1970), and The Optimist's Daughter (1972; Pulitzer Prize), about the contemporary loosening of home and family ties and its effect on grief, love, and the acknowledgment of loss. Her complete novels appeared in 1998. She also published a novella, The Robber Bridegroom (1942); a collection of her photographs of Mississippi in the 1930s, One Time: One Place (1972); and numerous essays and reviews.

See her autobiographical One Writer's Beginnings (1984); P. W. Prenshaw, ed., Conversations with Eudora Welty (1984); biographies by A. Waldron (1998) and S. Marrs (2005); studies by E. Evans (1981), A. J. Devlin (1983, 1987), R. M. Vande Kieft (1962, rev. ed. 1987), C. S. Manning (1985), W. C. Turner and L. E. Harding, ed. (1989), L. Westling (1989), P. Schmidt (1991), G. L. Mortimer (1994), C. A. Johnston (1997), M. Kreyling (1999), and S. Marrs (2002); P. A. McHenry, ed., Eudora Welty as Photographer (2009); bibliography by N. Polk (1994).

(born April 13, 1909, Jackson, Miss., U.S.—died July 23, 2001, Jackson) U.S. short-story writer and novelist. Welty focused her work on a small town that resembled her birthplace and the Delta country. Her main subject is the intricacies of human relationships. She first gained attention for the story collection A Curtain of Green (1941), containing the widely admired “Petrified Man” and “Why I Live at the P.O.” Other stories appear in The Wide Net (1943), The Golden Apples (1949), and The Bride of the Innisfallen (1955). Her novels include Delta Wedding (1946), The Ponder Heart (1954), and The Optimist's Daughter (1972, Pulitzer Prize). Her works combine humour and psychological acuity with a sharp ear for regional speech patterns. She also published books of her photographs, including those she took while working for the Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression.

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(born April 13, 1909, Jackson, Miss., U.S.—died July 23, 2001, Jackson) U.S. short-story writer and novelist. Welty focused her work on a small town that resembled her birthplace and the Delta country. Her main subject is the intricacies of human relationships. She first gained attention for the story collection A Curtain of Green (1941), containing the widely admired “Petrified Man” and “Why I Live at the P.O.” Other stories appear in The Wide Net (1943), The Golden Apples (1949), and The Bride of the Innisfallen (1955). Her novels include Delta Wedding (1946), The Ponder Heart (1954), and The Optimist's Daughter (1972, Pulitzer Prize). Her works combine humour and psychological acuity with a sharp ear for regional speech patterns. She also published books of her photographs, including those she took while working for the Works Progress Administration during the Great Depression.

Learn more about Welty, Eudora with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Eudora is a city in Chicot County, Arkansas, United States of America. The population was 2,819 at the 2000 census.

Geography

Eudora is located at (33.114608, -91.262653).

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.1 square miles (8.0 km²), all of it land.

Oral History

In 1975-1978 the students of G.C. Johns Junior High School began to collect oral interviews with the living ministers, deacons, superintendents, and members of Zion Chapel Baptist Church then under the leadership Reverend Handie, Superintendent Joriet Tolliever, and Mr Stanton. The children spent many hours collecting the extraordinary memories of the members and their struggle for decency and human rights through non-violent Christian strategies. As of October, 2003 the children had continued the practice of having one boy and one girl appointed as Historians of the Church to ensure the memory of their forebears and the lessons of their lives were not lost.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,819 people, 1,047 households, and 731 families residing in the city. The population density was 918.2 people per square mile (354.5/km²). There were 1,163 housing units at an average density of 378.8/sq mi (146.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 13.94% White, 84.50% Black or African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.46% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 1.38% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,047 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 30.5% were married couples living together, 34.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 26.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city the population was spread out with 32.4% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 23.7% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 80.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 68.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $17,857, and the median income for a family was $19,840. Males had a median income of $20,729 versus $15,262 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,437. About 34.6% of families and 36.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.3% of those under age 18 and 30.0% of those age 65 or over. Mr. William Stanton is now the first black mayor of Eudora, Arkansas. He was elected in an overall election in 2006.

References

External links

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