Etruscan cities

Etruscan cities

Etruscan cities flourished over most of Italy during the Roman Iron Age, marking the farthest extent of Etruscan civilization. They were gradually assimilated first by Italics in the south, then by Celts in the north and finally in Etruria itself by the growing Roman Republic.

That many Roman cities were formerly Etruscan was well known to all the Roman authors. The Etruscan names of the major cities in this category survived in inscriptions and are listed below. Some cities were founded by Etruscans in prehistoric times and bore entirely Etruscan names. Others were colonized by Etruscans who Etruscanized the name, usually Italic.

Twelve cities

History is most ample concerning the Dodecapoli, the "twelve cities" of the Etruscan League. They have no completely authoritative roster. George Dennis summarizes an explanation that: By the time the Etrurian twelve spring into the light of history, the Etruscan cities to the north have been assimilated by invasions of the Celts, and those of the south by infiltration of the Italics. The table below lists Etruscan cities most often included in the Dodecapoli as well as other cities for which there is any substantial evidence that they were once inhabited by Etruscans in any capacity. Roman and Italian names are given, but they are not necessarily etymologically related. Relationships generally tend to be obvious. For sources and etymologies (if any) refer to the linked articles.

Table of cities in Etruscan, Latin, Italian

Etruscan Latin Italian
Dodecapoli candidates
Aret- Arrētium Arezzo
Chaire, Chaisrie, Caisra, Cisra Caere, Agylla Cerveteri and its frazione Ceri
Clevsin Clusium, Camars Chiusi
Curtun Cortōna Cortona
Perusna, Persna Perusia Perugia
Pupluna, Fufluna Populōnia Populonia
Tarchuna, Tarchna Tarquinii Tarquinia, Corneto
Vatluna, Vetluna Vetulōnia Vetulonia
Veia Veii abandoned
Velathri Volaterrae Volterra
Velch, Velcal, Velcl Vulci Volci
Velzna- Volsinii Bolsena or Orvieto?
Other Etrurian
Capna Capena Capena
Careiae, Careae Galera, now abandoned
Cusi Cosa Orbetello
Hepa? Heba (Greek name) Magliano (in Toscana)
Narce? Narce Mazzano Romano
Nepete, Nepet Colonia Nepensis Nepi
Rusellae near modern Roselle Terme
Saena?, Sena Saena Siena
Sveama-, Suana Suana Sovana
Statna? Statōnia Poggio Buco
Surina, Surna Surriīna Viterbo?
Suthri Sutrium Sutri
Tlamu Telamōn Talamone
(Tular) Tuder Todi
Visul, Vipsul Faesulae Fiesole
Etruscan Latin Italian
Northern
Arimna Ariminum Rimini
Atria, Hatria Adria Adria
Ceisna Caesena Cesena
Felsina Bonōnia Bologna
Manthva Mantua Mantua, Mantova
Misa? Marzabotto
Mutina Mutina Modena
Parma Parma Parma
Ravena, Ravna Ravenna Ravenna
Spina Spina abandoned
Southern
Acerrae Acerra
Capua, Capeva Capua Capua
Inarime(?) Pitecusa, Greek Pithekoussai Ischia
Irnthi Salernum Salerno
Nula, Nuvla Nola Nola
Pumpai? Pompeii destroyed
Ruma Rōma Roma
Suessula abandoned
Tuscana, Tuscna Tuscāna Tuscania
'''Corsican
Alalia Aleria Aleria

Notes

Bibliography

  • ; L. Bonfante (2002). The Etruscan Language. An Introduction. Manchester University Press.
  • Available in the Gazeteer of Bill Thayer's Website at

See also

External links

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