Ethyl nitrite

Ethyl nitrite

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Ethyl Nitrite |- | align="center" colspan="2" | IUPAC name:
1-nitrosooxyethane |- align="center" style="border-bottom: 3px solid gray" | CAS number
109-95-5 | ATC code
? |- | bgcolor="#eeeeee" | Chemical formula | bgcolor="#ddeeff" | C2H5NO2 |- | bgcolor="#eeeeee" | Molecular weight | bgcolor="#ddeeff" | 75.07 |- | bgcolor="#eeeeee" | Bioavailability | bgcolor="#ddeeff" | ? |- | bgcolor="#eeeeee" | Metabolism | bgcolor="#ddeeff" | ? |- | bgcolor="#eeeeee" | Elimination half life | bgcolor="#ddeeff" | ? |- | bgcolor="#eeeeee" | Excretion | bgcolor="#ddeeff" | ? |- | bgcolor="#eeeeee" | Pregnancy category | bgcolor="#ddeeff" | ? |- | bgcolor="#eeeeee" | Legal status | bgcolor="#ddeeff" | ? |- | bgcolor="#eeeeee" | Delivery | bgcolor="#ddeeff" | ? |-

The chemical compound ethyl nitrite is an alkyl nitrite made from ethanol. Ethyl nitrite is the main ingredient in a traditional ethanol-based South African remedy for colds and flu known as Witdulsies and sold in pharmacies. It is known as a traditional Afrikaans remedy and may have Dutch roots, as the same remedy is apparently made by the Germano-Dutch Amish people in the USA. However the same remedy, commonly known in the USA as sweet nitrite has apparently been banned by the Food and Drug Administration. Ethanol has been used as lamp fuel (in the days prior to electricity) and as car fuel.

Chemistry

Other Synonyms Include:

  • Ethyl Alcohol Nitrite
  • Nitrous acid, ethyl ester
  • nitrethyl

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