Ethel Mary Elderton
(1878–1954) was a eugenics researcher who worked with Francis Galton
and Karl Pearson
. In 1905 she resigned her teaching post to become Galton's assistant. Subsequently she became Galton Scholar and Fellow and Assistant Professor at University College London
She retired in 1933.
Miss Elderton produced many reports, the most controversial of which argued that predisposition to alcoholism was largely inherited. With her brother the actuary William Palin Elderton she wrote a Primer of Statistics. The book has a preface by Galton.
- Ethel M. Elderton (1910) A first study of the influence of parental alcoholism on the physique and ability of the offspring, University of London. Francis Galton laboratory for national eugenics. Eugenics laboratory memoirs; v.X.
- W. Palin Elderton and Ethel M. Elderton (1909) Primer of Statistics. London: A&C Black Ltd.
- R. Love (1979) Alice in Eugenics Land: Feminism and Eugenics in the Scientific Careers of Alice Lee and Ethel Elderton, Annals of Science, 36, 145-158.