Estrid Svendsdatter

House of Munsö

The House of Munsö is one of the names of a protohistoric Swedish dynasty. Its early members of the 8th or 9th century are legendary or semi-legendary, while its later scions of the 10th to 11th centuries are historical.

It is also known as the House of Yngling, the House of Ivar Vidfamne, the House of Uppsala or simply the Old Dynasty. Munsö is the island where a barrow has been claimed to be the grave of Björn Ironside, its legendary founder.

The sagas, such as the Hervarar saga, contain extensive information on this dynasty for as many as 10 generations, but although, some of the 9th century kings are held to be historical, modern Swedish historiography begins it with the late 10th c. king Eric the Victorious. The king Björn, who was the father of Eric the Victorious, according to the sagas, is not accepted as historical by critical historians, unlike another 10th century king named Emund Eriksson who appears in the work of Adam of Bremen.

For easy reference on legendary, semi-legendary and historical members of the dynasty (including some generations before Björn Ironside), the following family tree is based on Hervarar saga, and the uncertain identification of Styrbjörn the Strong and Tyra as the parents of Thorgils Sprakalägg. The connection with the Danish dynasty which began with Sweyn Estridsson is consequently uncertain (the Swedish kings are in bold):

      Sigurd Ring
            |
      Ragnar Lodbrok
            |
     -------------
     |           |
 several sons Björn Ironside
                 |
        ------------------
        |                |
 Erik Björnsson        Refil
         |               |
         |           Erik Refilsson
         |
       ----------------------
       |                   |
 Björn at Hauge      Anund Uppsale
                           |
                    Erik Anundsson
                           |
                   Björn (III) Eriksson
                           |
           --------------------------------                             Harold I of Denmark
           |                              |                                    |
   Eric the Victorious             Olof (II) Björnsson                  ---------------
           |                              |                             |             |
   Olof Skötkonung                 Styrbjörn the Strong  (pretender)  Tyra            |
           |                              |                             |             |
           -------------------------      -------------------------------             |
           |                       |                     |                            |
   Anund Jacob                Emund the Old       Thorgils Sprakalägg         Sweyn Forkbeard
                                   |                     |                            |
                                   |                     |                            |
                      Anund Emundsson, heir              |                            |
                                                         |                            |
                                                     Ulf Jarl               Estrid Svendsdatter
                                                         |                            |
                                                         ------------------------------
                                                                        |
                                                                 Sweyn Estridson
                                                                        |
                                                                   Danish kings

Full list of Swedish kings. The names in parentheses are kings who are not mentioned in Hervarar saga, but who are mentioned in other sources:

Notes and references

See also

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