As of 2005, the town of Esch-sur-Sûre, which lies in the north of the commune, has a population of 314.
Esch-sur-Sûre is situated by the river Sauer, just east and downstream of the artificial Upper Sûre Lake. The town's prominent castle, and the main part of the town below, sit on a spur of a land within a sharp meander of the river.
The suffix to its name distinguishes Esch-sur-Sûre from the city of Esch-sur-Alzette, which is often known just as Esch.
Immediately above the town, the river has been dammed to form a hydroelectric reservoir extending some 6 miles (10 km) up the valley. The Upper Sûre dam was built in the 1960's to meet the country's drinking water needs.