This is a timeline of events leading up to, culminating in, and resulting from the English Civil Wars
Events prior to the English Civil War
1642 until the outbreak of the war
The First English Civil War
Events of 1642
Events of 1643
- 19 January, Battle of Braddock Down
- 19 March, Battle of Hopton Heath
- 30 March, Battle of Seacroft Moor
- 16 May, Battle of Stratton
- 18 June, Battle of Chalgrove Field John Hampden killed in the skirmish
- 30 June, Battle of Adwalton Moor
- 5 July, Battle of Lansdowne (or Lansdown) fought near Bath.
- 13 July, Battle of Roundway Down fought near Devizes
- 20 September, First Battle of Newbury
- 11 October, Battle of Winceby
Events of 1644
The Scots marched South and joined Parliament's army threatening York.
Events of 1645
Events of 1646
- 18 January, Siege of Dartmouth ended with the surrender of Royalist garrison.
- 3 February, Siege of Chester ended with the surrender of Royalist garrison after a 136 day siege.
- 16 February, Battle of Torrington victory for the New Model Army
- 10 March, Ralph Hopton surrenders the Royalist army at Tresillian bridge in Cornwall.
- 21 March, Battle of Stow-on-the-Wold the last pitched battle of the First Civil War is a victory for the New Model Army
- 5 May Charles surrendered to a Scottish army at Southwell, Nottinghamshire
- 13 April Siege of Exeter ended with the surrender of Royalist garrison.
- 6 May Newark fell to the Parliamenterians
- 24 June, Siege of Oxford ended with the surrender of Royalist garrison.
- 22 July, Siege of Worcester ended with the surrender of Royalist garrison.
- 27 July after a 65 day siege Wallingford Castle, The last English royalist stronghold, surrenders to Sir Thomas Fairfax.
Events of 1647
The Second English Civil War
Events of 1648
Events of 1649
- 20 January 1649, The trial of Charles I of England by the High Court of Justice begins
- 27 January 1649, The death warrant of Charles I of England is signed
- 30 January 1649, Charles I of England executed by beheading
- 5 February 1649, The eldest son of Charles I, Charles, proclaimed King of Scots in Edinburgh, Scotland
- 9 March 1649, Engager Duke of Hamilton, Royalist Earl of Holland, and Royalist Lord Capel were beheaded at Westminster
- 24 March 1649, The capitulation of Pontefract Castle which, even after the death of Charles I, remained loyal to Charles II
Third English Civil War
- 1 January, Charles II crowned King of Scots at Scone, Scotland
- 20 July, Battle of Inverkeithing, Scotland
- 25 August, Battle of Wigan Lane (skirmish)
- 3 September, Battle of Worcester, England
- 16 October, Charles II landed in Normandy, France, after successfully fleeing England
Events after the English Civil War
Links to other English Civil War timelines