England national football team

England national football team

The English national football team represents England in international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England. Although most national teams worldwide represent an independent state, the four provinces which constitute the United Kingdom are each represented separately in most international tournaments.

England is one of the more successful footballing teams, being one of only seven countries to ever win the FIFA World Cup, which they did in 1966 when they hosted the finals. They defeated West Germany 4-2 in extra time in the Final. England share with France the record of having one World Cup victory and this being achieved on home soil (the other winners have all won the trophy at least twice and at least once on foreign soil). Since then they have only reached the semi-finals once, losing to West Germany on penalties. Nevertheless, they remain a prominent team on the global stage, rarely dropping outside of the top ten rankings of both FIFA and Elo. England also reached the semi-final of the UEFA European Championship in 1968 and 1996 (again played in England). They were the most successful of the Home Nations in the British Home Championship with 54 wins (including 20 shared wins) before the competition was suspended in 1984.

Traditionally, England's greatest rivals have been Scotland, who were their opponents in the first-ever international football match in 1872. Since regular fixtures against Scotland came to an end in the late 1980s, other rivalries have become more prominent. Matches with Argentina and Germany have produced particularly eventful encounters. England's home ground is Wembley Stadium in London.

History

The England national football team is the joint oldest in the world, formed at the same time as Scotland. England played their first international match against Scotland, and at Scotland's invitation, at Hamilton Crescent in Scotland on 30 November 1872. Over the next forty years, England played exclusively with the other three "Home Nations" - Scotland, Wales and Ireland. The games were made competitive with the British Home Championship from 1883 to 1984.

Before Wembley was opened, England had no permanent home ground. England joined FIFA in 1906, playing its first ever game outside the British Isles in 1908. However, the relationship between the two was strained, resulting in the British nations' departure from FIFA in 1928, before rejoining in 1946. As a result, England did not compete in a World Cup until 1950, in which they were beaten in a 1-0 defeat against the United States, failing to get past the first round. England's first ever defeat on home soil to a non-UK team was a 0-2 loss to Ireland on 21 September 1949 at Goodison Park, Liverpool. A 6-3 loss in 1953 to Hungary was England's first ever defeat to a non-UK team at Wembley. In the return match in Budapest, Hungary won 7-1, which still stands as England's worst ever defeat. Ivor Broadis scored the England goal. After the game bewildered England centre half Syd Owen said, “It was like playing people from outer space”.

In the 1954 World Cup two goals by Broadis saw him become the first England player to score two goals in a game at the World Cup finals. Broadis beat Nat Lofthouse by 30 minutes when both scored 2 each in the thrilling 4-4 draw against Belgium. In reaching the quarter finals for the first time England lost 4-2 being eliminated by Uruguay. Only once have England progressed beyond the World Cup quarter finals away from home.

Although Walter Winterbottom was appointed as the first ever full time manager in 1946, the team was still picked by a committee until Alf Ramsey took over in 1963. Under Ramsey, England experienced its greatest ever success, winning the 1966 FIFA World Cup Final against West Germany 4-2 after extra time. Geoff Hurst famously scored a hat-trick in the final. The 1966 World Cup was also held in England. Though England lost again to the Auld Enemy Scotland only a year later with a famous 3-2 for the Scots at Wembley. England qualified for the 1970 FIFA World Cup in Mexico as reigning cup holders. They reached the Quarter-finals but were knocked out by West Germany. England had been 2 - 0 up but were eventually beaten 3-2 after extra time. For the 1974 and 1978 World Cups, England failed to qualify. In 1982, England under Ron Greenwood qualified for 1982 FIFA World Cup in Spain after a 12-year absence and were eliminated from the second round without losing a match. The team under Bobby Robson fared better as England reached the quarter finals of the 1986 FIFA World Cup and finished fourth in the tournament four years later. This is the only time England have progressed beyond the World Cup quarter finals away from home.

Graham Taylor's short reign as Robson's successor ended after his England failed to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup, but then the 1996 European Championships were held in England, and under new coach Terry Venables the team had its best performance at a European Championship, reaching the semi-final. The England team of the 1990s and 2000s has been consistently in football's top twenty countries, but hasn't progressed beyond the quarter finals of any international tournament apart from Italia 90 and Euro 96. Sven-Göran Eriksson took charge of the team between 2001 and 2006 and was the first non-English manager of England. Despite controversial press coverage of his personal life, Eriksson was consistently popular with the majority of fans and England enjoyed some success with top qualifying place in two World Cup tournaments and Euro 2004, losing only five competitive matches during his tenure and rising to a (joint) record FIFA No.4 world ranking for the English national team during the 2006 World Cup under his guidance. Eriksson's contract was extended by The FA by two years to include Euro 2008 prior to being terminated by them at the conclusion of the 2006 FIFA World Cup.

Steve McClaren was appointed as the head coach following the 2006 World Cup. The reign was marked with little success, with England failing to qualify for the 2008 European Championships. McClaren left on 22 November 2007, after only 16 months in charge and making him the shortest tenured full time England manager ever since the inauguration of the post in 1946. He was replaced by the former Real Madrid and AC Milan manager Fabio Capello. The Italian is the second foreign manager to coach England, after Eriksson, and took charge of his first game on 6 February 2008 against Switzerland. England won 2-1. Since then Capello has also managed England in games against France, USA and Trinidad & Tobago. England lost 1-0 to France, won 2-0 against the USA and 3-0 against T&T. His next game against the Czech Republic ended in a 2-2 draw. In their first qualifying games for the 2010 World Cup, Joe Cole scored both England's goals in a 2–0 win over Andorra and a 4-1 victory over Croatia with a hat-trick from Theo Walcott and a goal from Wayne Rooney. On the

11th of October 2008 England beat kazackstan 5-1 with Rio Ferdinand scoring in the 52' Minute and an own goal from A. Kuchma in the 64' Minute gave england a 2-0 lead, a mistake by Ashley Cole let Z. Kukeev put the ball past David James to make it 2-1, England grabbed another goal from Wayne Rooney in the 76' minute and still, England wern't finished yet, Another goal in the 84' Minute by Wayne Rooney and a good finish by Jemaine Defo in the 90' minute gave England a well deserved 5-1 win at Wembley Stadium

Home stadium

For the first 50 years of its existence, England played its home matches all around the country; for the first few years it used cricket grounds, before later moving on to football clubs' stadiums. England played their first match at Wembley Stadium in 1924 against Scotland, but for the next 27 years only used Wembley as a venue for Scotland matches.

The Wembley Stadium is a stadium in Wembley, located in the London Borough of Brent in London, England. It is owned by The Football Association (FA) via its subsidiary Wembley National Stadium Limited, and its primary use is for home games of the England national football team, and the main English domestic football finals.

The original Wembley Stadium first opened its doors in 1924 in a match against Scotland and closed them in 2000 with a farewell defeat to arch rivals Germany. The new 90,000 seater Wembley costing £800 million, hosted its first match on 01/06/2007 against Brazil ending 1-1, with former captain David Beckham setting up new captain John Terry for Englands first goal at the new Wembley Stadium.

Media coverage

From the 2008–09 season to the 2011-2012 season, England's home qualifiers will be shown live on ITV with away qualifiers and home friendlies being shown live on Setanta Sports. Away friendlies will again be sold by the home team. Before this, home qualifiers and friendlies were shown on BBC with away matches on Sky Sports.

In Australia England national football team home games and selected away games are broadcast by Setanta Sports Australia.

All matches are broadcast with full commentary on BBC Radio Five Live.

Colours

England's traditional home colours are white shirts, navy shorts and white socks.

The traditional England away colour is red, although England did not need an away kit until they played against a non-British side. From 1945 to 1952, England wore a blue away kit. In 1996 England's away kit was changed to grey shirts, shorts and socks. This kit was worn against Bulgaria, Germany and Georgia but the deviation from traditional red was unpopular with supporters and since then the England away kit has remained red.

Third Kit

England have occasionally had a third kit as well. At the 1970 World Cup England wore a third kit with light blue shirt, shorts and socks against Czechoslovakia.

They had a strip similar to Brazil's kit, with a yellow shirt and blue shorts in 1973, worn against Czechoslovakia, Poland and Italy.

Between 1986 and 1992 England had pale blue third kits which were rarely worn.

Fixtures & Results 2008–09

2010 FIFA World Cup qualification - UEFA Group 6

Friendly Matches

Opponents Venue Date Result
Switzerland Wembley Stadium, London 6 Feb 2008 England Win 2-1
France Stade de France, Paris 26 Mar 2008 England Lose 0-1
USA Wembley Stadium, London 28 May 2008 England Win 2-0
Trinidad & Tobago Hasely Crawford Stadium, Port of Spain 1 June 2008 England Win 3-0
Czech Republic Wembley Stadium, London 20 August 2008 England Draw 2-2

Upcoming friendly matches

Opponents Venue Date
Germany Olympiastadion, Berlin 19 November 2008
Slovakia Wembley Stadium, London 28 March 2009
Slovenia Wembley Stadium, London 5 September 2009

England squad

Most recent squad

Players in the 23-man squad for the 2010 FIFA World Cup qualifiers against Kazakhstan and Belarus in October 2008.

Name DOB Club Caps (goals) Debut
Goalkeepers
David James 1 August 1970 (age 38) Portsmouth 43 (0) v Mexico, 29 March 1997
Scott Carson 3 September 1985 (age 23) West Bromwich Albion 2 (0) v Austria, 16 November 2007
Robert Green 18 August 1980 (age 28) West Ham United 1 (0) v Colombia, 31 May 2005
Defenders
Rio Ferdinand 7 November 1978 (age 29) Manchester United 71 (3) v Cameroon, 15 November 1997
Ashley Cole 20 December 1980 (age 27) Chelsea 68 (0) v Albania, 28 March 2001
John Terry 7 December 1980 (age 27) Chelsea 47 (4) v Serbia & Montenegro, 3 June 2003
Wayne Bridge 5 August 1980 (age 28) Chelsea 30 (1) v Netherlands, 13 February 2002
Wes Brown 13 October 1979 (age 28) Manchester United 20 (1) v Hungary, 28 April 1999
Matthew Upson 18 April 1979 (age 29) West Ham United 10 (0) v South Africa, 22 May 2003
Glen Johnson 23 August 1984 (age 24) Portsmouth 9 (0) v Denmark, 18 November 2003
Joleon Lescott 16 August 1982 (age 26) Everton 6 (0) v Estonia, 13 October 2007
Midfielders
David Beckham 2 May 1975 (age 33) Los Angeles Galaxy 106 (17) v Moldova, 1 September 1996
Steven Gerrard 30 March 1980 (age 28) Liverpool 69 (13) v Ukraine, 31 May 2000
Frank Lampard 20 June 1978 (age 30) Chelsea 65 (14) v Belgium, 10 October 1999
Gareth Barry 23 February 1981 (age 27) Aston Villa 24 (1) v Ukraine, 31 May 2000
Stewart Downing 22 July 1984 (age 24) Middlesbrough 20 (0) v Netherlands, 9 February 2005
Jermaine Jenas 18 February 1983 (age 25) Tottenham Hotspur 20 (1) v Australia, 12 February 2003
Shaun Wright-Phillips 25 October 1981 (age 26) Manchester City 20 (4) v Ukraine, 18 August 2004
Strikers
Emile Heskey 11 January 1978 (age 30) Wigan Athletic 49 (5) v Hungary 28 April 1999
Wayne Rooney 24 October 1985 (age 22) Manchester United 47 (17) v Australia, 12 February 2003
Peter Crouch 30 January 1981 (age 27) Portsmouth 28 (14) v Colombia, 31 May 2005
Jermain Defoe 7 October 1982 (age 25) Portsmouth 31 (6) v Sweden, 31 March 2004
Theo Walcott 16 March 1989 (age 19) Arsenal 5 (3) v Hungary, 30 May 2006

Recent callups

The following players have also been called up to the England squad within the last twelve months:

Name DOB Club Caps (goals) Debut Most recent callup
Goalkeepers
Scott Carson 3 September 1985 (age 23) West Bromwich Albion 2 (0) v Austria,
16 November 2007
v France,
March 2008
Joe Hart 19 April 1987 (age 21) Manchester City 1 (0) v Trinidad & Tobago,
1 June 2008
v Czech Republic,
August 2008
Chris Kirkland 2 May 1981 (age 27) Wigan Athletic 1 (0) v Greece,
16 August 2006
v Trinidad & Tobago,
May 2008
Joe Lewis 6 October 1987 (age 21) Peterborough United 0 (0) N/A Trinidad & Tobago,
May 2008
Defenders
Sol Campbell 18 September 1974 (age 34) Portsmouth 73 (1) v Hungary,
18 May 1996
v Croatia,
21 November 2007
Micah Richards 24 June 1988 (age 20) Manchester City 11 (1) v Netherlands,
15 November 2006
Croatia,
21 November 2007
Jonathan Woodgate 22 January 1980 (age 28) Tottenham Hotspur 8 (0) v Bulgaria,
9 June 1999
v Czech Republic,
August 2008
Phil Jagielka 17 August 1982 (age 26) Everton 1 (0) v Trinidad & Tobago,
1 June 2008
v Trinidad & Tobago,
1 June 2008
Stephen Warnock 12 December 1981 (age 26) Blackburn Rovers 1 (0) v Trinidad & Tobago,
1 June 2008
v Trinidad & Tobago,
1 June 2008
David Wheater 14 February 1987 (age 21) Middlesbrough 0 (0) N/A v Trinidad & Tobago,
1 June 2008
Midfielders
Owen Hargreaves 20 January 1981 (age 27) Manchester United 42 (0) v Netherlands,
15 August 2001
v United States,
28 May 2008
Michael Carrick 28 July 1981 (age 27) Manchester United 14 (0) v Mexico,
25 May 2001
V Czech Republic,
20 August 2008
Ashley Young 9 July 1985 (age 23) Aston Villa 3 (0) v Austria,
16 November 2007
v Trinidad & Tobago,
1 June 2008
Tom Huddlestone 28 December 1986 (age 21) Tottenham 0 (0) N/A v Trinidad & Tobago,
1 June 2008
Strikers
Michael Owen 14 December 1979 (age 28) Newcastle United 89 (40) v Chile,
11 February 1998
v France,
26 March 2008
Peter Crouch 30 January 1980 (age 28) Portsmouth 28 (14) v Colombia,
31 May 2005
v Trinidad & Tobago,
1 June 2008
Alan Smith 28 October 1980 (age 27) Newcastle United 19 (1) v Mexico,
25 May 2001
v Austria,
16 November 2007
Darren Bent 6 February 1984 (age 24) Tottenham Hotspur 3 (0) v Uruguay,
1 March 2006
v Croatia,
21 November 2007
Dean Ashton 24 November 1983 (age 24) West Ham United 1 (0) v Trinidad & Tobago,
1 June 2008
v Trinidad & Tobago,
1 June 2008
Gabriel Agbonlahor 13 October 1986 (age 21) Aston Villa 0 (0) N/A v Trinidad & Tobago,
1 June 2008

Coaching staff

Manager Fabio Capello
General Manager Franco Baldini
Assistant Manager Italo Galbiati
Under-21 Manager and Coach Stuart Pearce
Coach Ray Clemence
Fitness Coach Massimo Neri
Goalkeeping Coach Franco Tancredi
Physiotherapist Gary Lewin
Team Doctor Dr. Leif Swärd
Backroom Staff Chris Neville
Roger Narbett
Rod Thornley

Previous squads

FIFA World Cup squads:

Competition history

FIFA World Cup record



Year Round Position GP W D* L GS GA
1950 Round 1 8 3 1 0 2 2 2
1954 Quarter-finals 6 3 1 1 1 8 8
1958 Round 1 11 4 0 3 1 4 5
1962 Quarter-finals 8 4 1 1 2 5 6
1966 Champions 1 6 5 1 0 11 3
1970 Quarter-finals 8 4 2 0 2 4 4
1974 Did not Qualify - - - - - - -
1978 Did not Qualify - - - - - - -
1982 Group Round 2 6 5 3 2 0 6 1
1986 Quarter-Finals 8 5 2 1 2 7 3
1990 Semi- Finals 4 7 3 3 1 8 6
1994 Did not Qualify - - - - - - -
1998 Round 2 9 4 2 1 1 7 4
2002 Quarter-finals 6 5 2 2 1 6 3
2006 Quarter-finals 7 5 3 2 0 6 2
2010 Not Yet Qualified - - - - - - -
Total 12/15 1 Title 55 25 17 13 74 47
*Draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.

European Championship record

Year Round GP W D* L GS GA
1964 Did not Qualify - - - - - -
1968 Third Place 2 1 0 1 2 1
1972 Did not Qualify - - - - - -
1976 Did not Qualify - - - - - -
1980 Round 1 3 1 1 1 3 3
1984 Did not Qualify - - - - - -
1988 Round 1 3 0 0 3 2 7
1992 Round 1 3 0 2 1 1 2
1996 Semi Finals 5 2 3 0 8 3
2000 Round 1 3 1 0 2 5 6
2004 Quarter-finals 4 2 1 1 10 6
2008 Did not Qualify - - - - - -
2012 Not Yet Qualified - - - - - -
Total 7/12 23 7 7 9 31 28
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.
**Gold background color indicates that the tournament was won. Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

Minor tournaments

Year Round Position GP W D* L GS GA
1964 Taça de Nações Group Stage 3rd 3 0 1 2 2 7
1976 U.S.A. Bicentennial Cup Tournament Group Stage 2nd 3 2 0 1 6 4
1985 Rous Cup 1 Match 2nd 1 0 0 1 0 1
1985 Ciudad de México Cup Tournament Group Stage 3rd 2 0 0 2 1 3
1985 Azteca 2000 Tournament Group Stage 2nd 2 1 0 1 3 1
1986 Rous Cup Champions 1 Match 1st 1 1 0 0 2 1
1987 Rous Cup Group Stage 2nd 2 0 2 0 1 1
1988 Rous Cup Champions Group Stage 1st 2 1 1 0 2 1
1989 Rous Cup Champions Group Stage 1st 2 1 1 0 2 0
1991 England Challenge Cup Champions Group Stage 1st 2 1 1 0 5 3
1993 U.S. Cup Group Stage 4th 3 0 1 2 2 5
1995 Umbro Cup Group Stage 2nd 3 1 1 1 6 7
1997 Tournoi de France Champions Group Stage 1st 3 2 0 1 3 1
1998 King Hassan II International Cup Tournament Group Stage 2nd 2 1 1 0 1 0
2004 FA Summer Tournament Champions Group Stage 1st 2 1 1 0 7 2
Total 6 Titles 55 25 17 13 74 47
*Denotes draws include knockout matches decided on penalty kicks.

Player history

Notable past players

The following England players have been inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame:

Most capped players

As of 11th October 2008, the players with the most caps for England are:

# Name Career Caps Goals Goals per game
1 Peter Shilton 1970 - 1990 125 0 0
2 Bobby Moore 1962 - 1973 108 2 0.0185
3 David Beckham 1996 - 106 17 0.1604
= Sir Bobby Charlton 1958 - 1970 106 49 0.4623
5 Billy Wright 1946 - 1959 105 3 0.0286
6 Bryan Robson 1980 - 1991 90 26 0.2889
7 Michael Owen 1998 - 89 40 0.4494
8 Kenny Sansom 1979 - 1988 86 1 0.0116
9 Gary Neville 1995 - 85 0 0
10 Ray Wilkins 1976 - 1986 84 3 0.0357

Top goalscorers

# Player Career Goals (Games) Goals per game
1 Sir Bobby Charlton 1958 - 1970 49 (106) 0.4623
2 Gary Lineker 1984 - 1992 48 (80) 0.6000
3 Jimmy Greaves 1959 - 1967 44 (57) 0.7719
4 Michael Owen 1998 - 40 (89) 0.4494
5 Tom Finney 1946 - 1958 30 (76) 0.3947
6 Nat Lofthouse 1950 - 1958 30 (33) 0.9091
7 Alan Shearer 1992 - 2000 30 (63) 0.4762
8 Viv Woodward 1903 - 1911 29 (23) 1.2609
9 Steve Bloomer 1895 - 1907 28 (23) 1.2174
10 David Platt 1989 - 1996 27 (62) 0.4355

Managers

Manager England career Played Won Drawn Lost Win %
1946 - 1962 139 78 33 28 56.1
1963 - 1974 113 69 27 17 61.1
1974 7 3 3 1 42.9
1974 - 1977 29 14 8 7 48.3
1977 - 1982 55 33 12 10 60.0
1982 - 1990 95 47 30 18 49.5
1990 - 1993 38 18 13 7 47.4
1994 - 1996 23 11 11 1 47.8
1996 - 1999 28 17 6 5 60.7
1999 - 2000 18 7 7 4 38.9
2001 - 2006 67 40 17 10 59.7
2006 - 2007 18 9 4 5 50.0
2008 - Current 7 5 1 1 71.4

England fans' Player of the Year

See also

References

External links

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