Engadine is a suburb in southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Engadine is located 33 kilometres south of the Sydney central business district, in the local government area of the Sutherland Shire. Engadine incorporates the locality of North Engadine.
The area was reserved for a national park in 1879, but in 1890 Charles McAlister was able to purchase land here which became known as McAlister’s Estate. After an overseas trip, the family renamed their estate ‘Engadine’ after the Engadin
Valley in Switzerland
. The wildflowers in the valley here and surrounding national parks were reminiscent of the valley and hills in Engadin.
Charles McAlister subdivided his land sometime after 1900. He continued to live in Engadine but later moved to Cronulla, where he died in 1915. Every year in November the Lions Club of Engadine runs the McAllister Day Annual Fete at Cooper Street Reserve to honour the family that originally settled in the area.
Originally settled for grazing land, Engadine soon became a destination for camping and day-trips from the inner-Sydney suburbs. It remained isolated until 1920 when the railway station was built (with some funds donated by the local population). Many ex-soldiers settled here after World War I and several streets here recall this war and others as well, such as Anzac, Tobruk, Amiens, Bullecourt, Villers Brett, Nelson.
Boys Town, in the western part of the suburb was modelled on an American Boys Town institution. The institution helps boys who have not been able to conform to the rules of society, irrespective of their religious beliefs. It was founded in 1939 by Father T.V. Dunlea who was principal from 1939 to 1951.
The post office was opened on the 1st January 1927 and the school opened in September 1932. In the 1960s, the district became more established as a residential area and Crown Land was released for private purchase. The remaining land-parcels were developed in the 1990s, in North Engadine and Woronora Heights.
Engadine is bounded by The Royal National Park
to the east, and Heathcote National Park
to the west. Visitors to the suburb can view across the Sydney Basin from its southern edge across to the Sydney CBD. The area also features rolling sandstone slopes and cliffs in places, with an abundance of native trees throughout. Natural landmarks include 'the Needles' and 'the Blue Lagoon' along the Woronora River
, and the Engadine Wetlands to the east of the railway station.
Engadine is mostly residential with some commercial and light industrial areas. The commercial area is located close to Engadine railway station
and the Princes Highway
. A shopping centre
called Engadine Central includes supermarkets, grocery and specialty shops. There are plans to expand the shopping centre to include a modern cinema complex and major retailers.
Engadine railway station
is on the Illawarra line
of the CityRail
network. It is located close to the Princes Highway
. Bus Routes are served by Veolia NSW
- Community Church Engadine
- Engadine Congregational Fellowship Church
- Engadine Jehovah's Witnesses
- Engadine Uniting Church
- Heathcote-Engadine Baptist Church
- Salvation Army
- Southern Cross Baptist Church
- St Andrews Presbyterian Church
- St Georges Anglican Church
- St John Bosco Catholic Church
Parks and Recreation
Public facilities include public parks, a skate park and gardens.
- Engadine Leisure Centre is a heated outdoor aquatic centre
- Anzac Oval is used for rugby league by the Engadine Dragons and also for Cricket and Soccer by the Engadine Eagles.
- Preston Park is used for soccer by the Engadine Crusaders.
- Engadine Lawn Bowls Club
- Engadine Returned Services Club (RSL)
- Engadine Rural Fire Brigade protects the bush interface and valleys surronding the Engadine area