is a coastal city in northern San Diego County, California
, United States
. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 58,014. It is located about north of San Diego
, and about south of Los Angeles
The city was incorporated in 1986 from the communities of historic Encinitas, new Encinitas (Village Park, etc.), Leucadia, Cardiff-by-the-Sea and Olivenhain. These communities retain their identities, and their distinctive flavors.
The largest single industry is the growing of ornamental flowers, particularly poinsettias.
Encinitas can be divided into five areas:
- Old Encinitas, a small beachside area featuring a mix of businesses and housing styles.
- New Encinitas a newer region which features a golf course, larger tract homes and a shopping center.
- Olivenhain, a semi-rural region in eastern Encinitas with mostly single family homes and has an active 4-H Club.
- Leucadia, which has an older tree lined area featuring art galleries, unique stores and restaurants along with single family homes.
- Cardiff-by-the-Sea, Encinitas' southernmost oceanfront community, which features single family homes and a community college.
Encinitas is located at (33.044442, -117.271694).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 52.1 km² (20.1 mi²). 49.5 km² (19.1 mi²) of it is land and 2.6 km² (1.0 mi²) of it (5.07%) is water.
The city's elevation ranges between sea level and 180 meters above sea level.
²The maximum elevation was extracted from a 1:24000 scale USGS topographic map, based upon coordinates supplied by the County of San Diego.
The climate is very mild. Average daily high temperature is 72°F (22°C). Temperatures below 40°F and above 85°F (outside the 5°C to 30°C range) are rare. Average rainfall is about 250 mm (10 in) per year.
As of the census
of 2000, there were 58,014 people, 22,830 households, and 14,291 families residing in the city. The population density
was 1,172.1/km² (3,035.6/mi²). There were 23,843 housing units at an average density of 481.7/km² (1,247.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 86.60% White
, 0.59% Black
or African American
, 0.46% Native American
, 3.10% Asian
, 0.12% Pacific Islander
, 6.28% from other races
, and 2.85% from two or more races. 14.80% of the population were Hispanic
of any race.
There were 22,830 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $63,954, and the median income for a family was $78,104. Males had a median income of $51,132 versus $38,606 for females. The per capita income for the city was $34,336. About 3.8% of families and 7.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.
According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments
, the median household income
of Encinitas in 2005 was $86,520 (not adjusted for inflation
). When adjusted for inflation
(1999 dollars; comparable to Census
data above), the median household income was $70,257.
Points of interest
Parks and recreation
Fitness / Recreation
Camp La Jolla , the nations largest fitness camp.
The city is governed by a five-member city council, elected at-large to staggered four-year terms at two-year intervals.
In the state legislature Encinitas is located in the 38th Senate District, represented by Republican Mark Wyland, and in the 74th Assembly District, represented by Republican Martin Garrick. Federally, Encinitas is located in California's 50th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +5 and is represented by Republican Brian Bilbray.
Notable natives and residents
- Bucky Lasek, professional skateboarder
- David Brin, science fiction author
- Jerry Buss, owner of The Los Angeles Lakers
- Chad Butler, drummer of Switchfoot
- Tom DeLonge, former guitarist-singer with Blink-182, currently with Angels & Airwaves
- Mary Fleener, underground comics artist
- Jon Foreman, singer/guitarist of Switchfoot
- Tim Foreman, bassist for Switchfoot
- Lyn-Z Adams Hawkins, professional skateboarder
- Rob Machado, professional surfer
- Mike McGill, professional skateboarder. inventor of the McTwist
- Danny Way, professional skateboarder
- Jack McDowell, baseball player and musician
- Marion Ross, actress, Happy Days
- Candice Sanders, Miss California USA 2003
- Ravi Shankar, acclaimed sitarist and daughter Anoushka, same
- Jack Tempchin, musician and songwriter of several Eagles hits
- Jamie Thomas, professional skateboarder
- Joe Walsh, guitarist, singer, and songwriter for The James Gang and the Eagles
- Joji Yuasa, composer (b. 1929)
- Julia Bond, Porn Star
- Every band member of Destroy the Runner
- Members of the powerviolence band Crossed Out
- Michael Chang, professional tennis player
- Chaya Czernowin, composer
- Tom Dempsey, professional football player
- Manny Farber, film critic
- Rick Froberg, artist, lead singer/guitarist of Pitchfork, Drive Like Jehu, Hot Snakes
- Tony Hawk, professional skateboarder
- Frankie Hejduk, soccer player
- Taryn Manning, American actress
- Pauline Oliveros, American composer and accordionist
- Harry Partch, composer and inventor
- Bobby Riggs, professional tennis player
- Staciana Stitts, 2000 Olympic gold medalist
- Eddie Vedder, lead singer of Pearl Jam
- Paramahansa Yogananda, Guru, Self-Realization Fellowship
Encinitas Photo Slide Shows
Encinitas Surfing Photo Slide Shows
Historic Encinitas Photo Slide Show
Cardiff-by-the-Sea Photo Slide Shows
Schools / School districts
Aerial photos / Maps
Google map of Encinitas