Emory Washburn (February 14, 1800–March 18, 1877) was a United States political figure. Born in 1800 in Leicester, Massachusetts, Washburn was the Governor of Massachusetts from 1854 to 1855. He was elected as a member of the United States Whig Party defeating Henry W. Bishop (Democrat) and Henry Wilson (Free Soil) with 46% of the vote. A majority requirement being in effect, he became the last governor elected by the state senate in this fashion; as well as the last Whig. In his attempt at re-election in November 1854, he fell victim to the Know Nothing wave in Massachusetts and was soundly trounced by the Know Nothing candidate, former Websterite Whig Henry J. Gardner, receiving only 21% of the vote.