Emile Pouget

Émile Pouget

Émile Pouget (Pont-de-Salars, Aveyron, France, 12 October, 1860 - Lozère, Seine-et-Oise, 21 July 1931) was a French anarchist, close to anarcho-syndicalism. He was vice-secretary of the General Confederation of Labour from 1901 to 1908.

Biography

As a young man, Pouget founded his first newspaper, Le Lycéen républicain (The Republican Student) at high-school, being revolted at the trial of the Narbonne's Communards in Rodez.

He participated as soon as 1879, aged 19, at the creation of a textile union, the Syndicat des employés du textile. He then joined in 1881 a group of French anarchists at the London International Congress, following the dissolving of the First International.

Pouget was arrested on March 9, 1883, following a demonstration in Paris by unemployed people, during which three breadshops were pillaged. He was detained while trying to free Louise Michel from the police's hands. Condemned to 8 years prison for "armed pillage", Pouget was detained from 1883 to 1886 at Melun's prison.

Once freed, he started on 24 February, 1889, the publication of Le Père Peinard. Following the 1894 assassination of President Sadi Carnot and the ensuing repression in the ranks of the anarchist movement, he exiled himself to England in order to avoid being judged during the Trial of the thirty. He returned to France only after the 1895 amnesty granted by president Félix Faure.

Starting in 1896, he preconized sabotage actions as means of struggle, a view expressed in various articles and leaflets. From 1901 to 1908 he was elected vice-secretary of the General Confederation of Labour (CGT) trade-union, representing the anarcho-syndicalist tendency in the union. Pouget thereafter participated to the draft of the 1906 Charte d'Amiens, which set the foundations of the French trade-union movement. The following year, he became chief editor of La Voix du Peuple (The Voice of the People), edited by the CGT. But he finally took his distances with the trade-unionist movement starting in 1909.

Footnotes

Works

  • Almanach du Père Peinard, Paris, 1894 read on-line
  • Almanach du Père Peinard, Paris, 1896
  • Almanach du Père Peinard, Paris, 1897
  • Almanach du Père Peinard, Paris, 1898
  • Comment nous ferons la Révolution, in collaboration with Émile Pataud, Paris, J. Taillandier, 1909
  • L'action directe, Nancy, Édition du "Réveil ouvrier", coll. « Bibliothèque de documentation syndicale »
  • La Confédération générale du travail, Bibliothèque du Mouvement Prolétarien, Librairie des sciences politiques et sociales Marcel Rivière, Paris, 1910
  • Le Parti du Travail
  • Le Sabotage, Mille et une nuits, coll. « La petite collection », Paris, 2004
  • Les Caractères de l'action directe
  • Les lois scélérates de 1893-1894, en collaboration avec Francis de Pressensé, Paris, Éditions de la "Revue blanche", 1899

Articles

Bibliography

  • Roger Langlais, Émile Pouget, Le Père Peinard, Éditions Galilée, 1976
  • François Bott, « Le Père Peinard, ce drôle de Sioux », Le Monde, 30 janvier 1976.
  • Dominique Grisoni, « Le Père Peinard de la révolution », Magazine littéraire, n°111, avril 1976, 42-43.
  • Emmanuel de Waresquiel, Le Siècle rebelle, dictionnaire de la contestation au XXe siècle, Larousse, coll. « In Extenso », 1999.
  • Xose Ulla Quiben, Émile Pouget, la plume rouge et noire du Père Peinard, Éditions Libertaires, 2006.
  • Emile Pouget, Le Père Peinard, Journal espatrouillant. Articles choisis (1889-1900). Les Nuits rouges, 2006 .

References

External links

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