- For other women named Elisabeth of Austria, please see Elisabeth of Austria (disambiguation).
Elisabeth of Austria (July 9, 1526 - June 15, 1545), was a member of the House of Habsburg, Queen of Poland and Grand Duchess of Lithuania and the consort of King Sigismund II Augustus.
Elisabeth was the eldest daughter of Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor
and Anna of Bohemia and Hungary
. On May 5
she was married to King Sigismund II Augustus
, who was her paternal first cousin. She died young however, without producing an heir and was interred in the Cathedral of Vilnius
. Sigismund married twice more, first to Barbara Radziwill
(by whom he had no children), and to Elisabeth's sister, Catharine of Austria
(his 3rd wife), but never had any (legitimate) children.
Her quarrel with Queen Bona Sforza
over the Parmesan cheese
is commonly known in Poland.