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Elgin, James Bruce,earl of

Elgin, James Bruce,earl of

Elgin, James Bruce, 8th earl of, 1811-63, British statesman, son of the 7th earl. He served as governor of Jamaica (1842-46) and in 1847 was appointed governor-general of Canada. There he put into operation the proposals for responsible government outlined by his father-in-law, the earl of Durham. Elgin improved education and helped the Canadian economy, which was depressed by the new British policy of free trade. After personally negotiating the reciprocity treaty of 1854 with the United States, he returned to England. He later negotiated (1857-60) British trade agreements with China and Japan. Shortly before his death he was appointed governor-general of India.

See biographies by W. P. Kennedy (1926) and J. L. Morrison (1928, repr. 1970).

His son, Victor Alexander Bruce, 9th earl of Elgin, 1849-1917, was viceroy of India (1894-99) during an extremely troubled period in that country's history and served as colonial secretary from 1905 to 1908.

David Michael James Brudenell-Bruce, Earl of Cardigan (born 12 November 1952). The son of Michael Brudenell-Bruce, 8th Marquess of Ailesbury and Edwina Sylvia de Winton-Wills, he is the Heir apparent to the Marquessate of Ailesbury, and its subsidiary titles.

Education

He attended Eton College, Rannoch School, and the Royal Agricultural College.

Career

He has been Secretary of Marlborough Conservatives since 1985, and has been a Member of the Executive of the Devizes Constituency Conservative Association since 1988. He has been the 31st Hereditary Warden of Savernake Forest since 1987.

Family

He married Rosamund Jane Winkley, daughter of Captain W. R. M. Winkley and Mrs Jane Winkley, in 1980, and has issue:

References

  • thePeerage.com
  • ‘CARDIGAN, Earl of’, Who's Who 2008, A & C Black, 2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007
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