Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave
, 1832-1923, French engineer. A noted constructor of bridges and viaducts, he also designed the Eiffel Tower
and the internal structure of the Statue of Liberty (see Liberty, Statue of
. He was initially charged with corruption in the 1888 scandal of Ferdinand de Lesseps
's failed Panama Canal project, but was cleared of all wrongdoing by a French appeals court in 1893. Nonetheless, he withdrew from commercial life and spent the rest of his years studying aerodynamics.
See his The Resistance of the Air (1913, tr. 1913).
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