Egbert Benson Brown
(October 4, 1816 – February 11, 1902) was a Union general
in the Trans-Mississippi Theater
of the American Civil War
Early life and education
Egbert Brown was born in Brownsville, New York
, and as a young man sailed on a whaler before settling in Toledo, Ohio
, in the early 1840s. He was a respected grain dealer and built the first steam elevator in town. After successively working his way to Mayor of Toledo, he moved to St. Louis, Missouri
, in 1852 and engaged in the railroad business.
In August 1861, Brown was commissioned as the lieutenant colonel
of the 7th Missouri Infantry
. He resigned the commission in May 1862 to become a brigadier general
of the Missouri State Militia (Union)
. He then was appointed as a brigadier general of U.S. volunteers to rank from November 29, 1862.
Brown's command duties primarily involved suppressing Confederate guerrillas and opposing raids from Arkansas and the Indian Territory. Among the high points of his career were two victories over Joseph Shelby, at the Second Battle of Springfield during Marmaduke's first raid, and at Marshall, Missouri, during Shelby's Great Raid of 1863. In the Springfield battle, Brown was severely wounded in the shoulder and lost the use of an arm. He received command of the District of Central Missouri during 1863 and through 1864.
Although successful in many engagements, Brown was condemned by some for lack of vigor. This came to a head during Sterling Price's 1864 raid of Missouri. At the Battle of Westport, Union Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton relieved Brown of command and arrested him for failure to promptly obey an order to attack. Brown assumed command of the District of Rolla in January 1865 until the end of the war.
Brown was the United States pension agent in St. Louis from 1866 to 1868. He resigned to operate a farm in Illinois
. He died in the home of a granddaughter at West Plains, Missouri
, on February 11, 1902, and was buried next to his wife in Cuba, Missouri