Economic, social and cultural rights are socio-economic human rights; contrast with civil and political rights. Economic, social and cultural rights are included in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and elaborated upon in the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
The theory of three generations of human rights considers this group of rights to be "second-generation rights", and the theory of negative and positive rights considers them to be positive rights. Some are unwilling to call them legal rights, but only needs that society or government might provide if resources are available, but which are not justiciable unless they are established by some contract.
Among regional human rights instruments the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights is considered to place the most emphasis on economic, social and cultural rights. The South African Bill of Rights, contained in its post-Apartheid constitution, is also notable for its emphasis on economic, social and cultural rights.