The Ecological Democratic Party (German: Ökologisch-Demokratische Partei, ÖDP) is an environmentalist political party in Germany. It was founded in 1982 by former members of the German Green Party. The ÖDP combines issues which are not often found together: a focus on state financial support for families and childrearing, and a belief in the right to life (that is, opposition to abortion, euthanasia and the death penalty). The latter positions and the differences listed below – have led some, including political scientist Joachim Raschke, to characterize the party as "conservative," but the party feels that all these positions are a consistent response to injustice. In most of those issues which it emphasizes, such as the environment and trade, it is similar to the Green party. It differs from the Green party by being less supportive of immigration and restrictions on state powers in criminal justice issues, not focusing on gay and lesbian rights, and having a differing view of feminism.
It was one of the earliest supporters (since 1989) of a Green tax shift, an idea which later gained broader support and has been partially implemented in Germany since the SPD and Greens were elected to form the government in 1998.
Though a very small party – it has not gained seats in a state parliament or in the national parliament – the ÖDP became notable for its involvement in the opposition to a Czech nuclear reactor in Temelin, across the border from Bavaria. It led an initiative for a popular referendum to abolish the Bavarian Senate (that state's upper house) which was successful. It brought suit against a law in North Rhine-Westphalia which requires parties to receive 5% of the vote in order to take their seats, as well as a national law which reserves state financing only for parties that got more than one percent of the vote in at least three state elections; both laws were overturned.
The party has a youth organization called Junge Ökologen ("Young Ecologists").
DateFormat = yyyy Period = from:1982 till:2005 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal ScaleMajor = unit:year increment:2 start:1982
Define $dx = 25 # shift text to right side of bar
bar:Leaders color:green width:15 mark:(line,white) align:left fontsize:S
from:start till:1989 shift:(-30,15) text:Herbert Gruhl
from:1989 till:1993 shift:(-30,25)text:Hans-Joachim Ritter
from:1993 till:1995 shift:(-40,15) text:Bernd Richter
from:1995 till:1997 shift:(-30,25) text:Hans Mangold
from:1997 till:2000 shift:(-40,15) text:Susanne Bachmaier
from:2000 till:2002 shift:(-30,25) text:Uwe Dolata
from:2002 till:end shift: (-40,15) text:Klaus Buchner
German Parliament (Bundestag):
See also: List of political parties in Germany