Eaton, Amos, 1776-1842, American naturalist, b. Chatham, N.Y., grad. Williams College, 1799. After practicing law for a time, he conducted pioneer geological surveys in Albany and Rensselaer counties, N.Y. (1820-21), and along the Erie Canal (1822-23). His report on the canal was published in 1824. He then became professor at the scientific school opened by Stephen Van Rensselaer (1824) in Troy, N.Y. (now Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute). Besides a number of textbooks, he wrote the Manual of Botany (1817; 8th ed., with John Wright, North American Botany, 1840) and An Index to the Geology of the Northern States (1818).

See biography by E. M. McAllister (1941).

Eaton, Dorman Bridgman, 1823-99, American reformer, b. Hardwick, Vt. He was a law partner of William Kent in New York City. His major interests were reform in municipal administration and abolition of the spoils system in national politics. He drafted the Metropolitan Health Law, passed in 1866, which gave New York City its present health department, and drafted bills organizing the New York City fire and dock departments and reorganizing the police department. In 1873 he became chairman of the National Civil Service Commission and with George W. Curtis and Carl Schurz led in gaining support for civil service reform. He drafted the Pendleton Act of 1883, which has remained the basis of the federal civil service system.
Eaton, John, 1829-1906, American educator, b. Sutton, N.H., grad. Dartmouth, 1854. After serving as a school principal in Cleveland, Ohio, and as superintendent of schools in Toledo, he enrolled at Andover Theological Seminary in 1859. During the Civil War, he served as a chaplain in the Union army and was brevetted brigadier general for his work in caring for the blacks who entered the Union lines. After the war, as editor of the Memphis Post and as Tennessee superintendent of schools (1867-69), he was a strong advocate of free public schools. Appointed (1870) U.S. commissioner of education, he won public and congressional support for the Bureau of Education, which he directed until 1886. Afterward he served (1886-91) as president of Marietta College and in 1899-1900 was in charge of the school system of Puerto Rico.
Eaton, John Henry, 1790-1856, U.S. Senator (1818-29) and Secretary of War (1829-31), b. Halifax co., N.C. After being admitted to the bar, he practiced in Franklin, Tenn., and married Myra Lewis, a ward of Andrew Jackson. Eaton remained close to Jackson and completed (1817) the biography of Jackson begun by John Reid. He was appointed (1818) to the Senate to fill a vacancy and defended Jackson's earlier activities in Florida. Twice elected (1821, 1826) to the Senate, Eaton resigned in 1829 to enter the cabinet. The refusal of Washington society to accept Eaton's second wife (see Margaret O'Neill) helped to disrupt Jackson's cabinet and led to Eaton's resignation. He was governor (1834-36) of Florida, then was minister (1836-40) to Spain. His refusal to support Van Buren ended his political career.
Eaton, Theophilus, 1590-1658, Puritan leader in Connecticut, one of the founders of New Haven, b. Buckinghamshire, England. A member of the London congregation of John Davenport, he was interested in the Massachusetts Bay Company and other Puritan colonial ventures. In 1637 he went with Davenport and others to Boston, and later that year he led an exploring party that chose the site of a new colony. A small band was left to winter there, and the next spring settlers came, and New Haven was founded. Eaton was the governor and a leading figure of the New Haven colony until his death and was supposedly the chief drafter of the law code of 1656. He was much interested in trade and promoted the unsuccessful attempts of New Haven to found a colony on the Delaware.
Eaton, William, 1764-1811, U.S. army officer, celebrated for his exploit in the Tripolitan War, b. Woodstock, Conn. Captain Eaton was sent to Tunis as consul in 1798 and learned much about the Barbary States. When he returned to the United States in 1804, he had a scheme to win the war against Tripoli by supporting the claimant to the rule of Tripoli, Hamet Karamanli. Somewhat reluctantly, Congress appointed him "navy agent to the Barbary States" and allowed him to try his plan. In Egypt, Eaton persuaded the claimant to undertake the venture and gathered a mixed army of 400 men, including Greeks, Italians, Arabs, and others. With this small band he set off on the long march overland to take Tripoli from the rear, took the seaport of Derna, and might have taken Tripoli if the Tripolitan War had not ended with a truce (1805) before he arrived.

See biographies by F. R. Rodd (1932) and N. B. Gerson (1968); L. B. Wright and J. H. Macleod, The First Americans in North Africa (1945, repr. 1969); R. Zacks, The Pirate Coast (2005).

Eaton is a Statutory Town in Weld County, Colorado, United States. The population was 2,690 at the 2000 census. The town is named after Benjamin Harrison Eaton, a pioneer of irrigation who played a leading role in transforming the arid prairie of the Great Plains east of Colorado's Front Range into a thriving agricultural region with water brought from the nearby Rocky Mountains in the late 1800s. Much of the farming country around Eaton, Colorado continues to depend on the irrigation systems engineered by Eaton and others to this day. Eaton later served as Governor of Colorado from 1885 to 1887.


Eaton is located at (40.529481, -104.713177), on the Denver, Colorado-Cheyenne, Wyoming mainline of the Union Pacific Railroad, and along U.S. Route 85, approximately 7 miles north of Greeley, Colorado.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.9 square miles (5.0 km²), all land


As of the census of 2000, there were 2,690 people, 1,033 households, and 765 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,403.9 people per square mile (540.9/km²). There were 1,067 housing units at an average density of 556.9/sq mi (214.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 91.12% White, 0.04% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 5.76% from other races, and 1.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.64% of the population.

There were 1,033 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.0% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.9% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the town the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $47,314, and the median income for a family was $55,144. Males had a median income of $38,839 versus $27,292 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,816. About 3.4% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.6% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.


The town government of Eaton consists of the mayor, board of trustees and town manager. Current officials include: Mayor: Keith McIntyre; Mayor Pro-Tem: Gary Schnell; Trustees: Richard Loftis, Fred Walker, Verniece Thomas, Michael Brunkhardt, Jeff Payne; Town Manager: Gary Carsten; Ass't Town Manager: Don Cadwallader

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