Eagle Pass

Eagle Pass

Eagle Pass, city (1990 pop. 20,651), seat of Maverick co., W Tex., a port of entry on the Rio Grande opposite Piedras Negras, Mexico; inc. 1918. Linked by highway with Mexico City, it is a tourist center and a shipping and processing point for cattle, wheat, pecans, and oats. Mineral processing (especially oil and gas) and international trade are also important, but drug smuggling has been a problem in recent years. The site of a U.S. army camp during the Mexican War, it was on an important route to California during the gold rush. Fort Duncan (1849) was a base for actions against Mexicans and Native Americans, including the 1855 burning of Piedras Negras; it also housed U.S. troops during the Villa revolution in Mexico just before World War I.
Eagle Pass (el. 550 m./1804 ft.) is a mountain pass through the Gold Range of the Monashee Mountains in British Columbia, Canada. It divides the Columbia River drainage basin from that of the Fraser River (via the Shuswap Lakes and the Thompson River).

Eagle Pass was chosen as the route of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and later the Trans-Canada Highway, over the Monashees; westbound traffic is continually downhill from here to the Pacific coast. The line over the Eagle Pass was the last section of the CPR to be completed; the last spike was driven at a location known as Craigellachie in 1885.

The pass was discovered by Walter Moberly in his role as Assistant Surveyor General of British Columbia in 1865.

The nearest city to Eagle Pass is Revelstoke, 20 km. to the east.

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